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Diabetes Virus Detection Project, Intervention With GAD-alum

2014-08-27 03:13:27 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purposes of this study are to test whether GAD vaccination can stop the progression of newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes, to describe the related immunological processes (insulitis) in pancreas and small intestines evolving the mechanism of the effect of GAD vaccination and finally try to detect viruses and virus receptors directly in the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas in patients with newly diagnosed type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1D).

Description

The aetiology of type 1 diabetes is unknown. Both genetic and environmental factors seem to be important for the destruction of insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas. Increasing indirect evidences exist that picornaviruses may either directly or indirectly through autoimmune processes destroy beta cells. New sensitive assays have been developed to detect these viruses and to study the immunological processes, especially T-cell function. Microsurgical technology has been refined, now making pancreatic biopsies a safe procedure. This study focuses on advanced in depth studies of immunology and virology in pancreatic tissue and small intestine at an early stage of disease.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Diabetes, Type I

Intervention

GAD-alum

Location

Endokrinologisk poliklinikk, Oslo Universitetssykehus Aker
Oslo
Norway
0514

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Oslo University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:27-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that it is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .

Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

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