Advertisement

Topics

Reducing Health Problems Associated With Injection Drug Use

2014-08-27 03:13:28 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to develop and test an intervention to reduce bacterial and viral infections among injection drug users.

Description

Injection drug use (IDU) is a major public health problem that is associated with a host of medical complications, including blood-borne viral disease (e.g., HIV, Hepatitis C) and bacterial infections (e.g., skin abscesses, endocarditis), that often result from high-risk drug injection practices. There are no current interventions designed to reduce bacterial infections among IDUs, despite high rates of infection.

The objective of this study is to develop and test the efficacy of a skin and needle hygiene intervention for IDUs to reduce practices associated with bacterial and viral infections. In the first phase of the study, focus group interviews were conducted to determine key areas of emphasis for an intervention with this population. An initial intervention was developed, pilot tested, and refined. The final 2-session intervention combines psychoeducation, skill-building, and motivational interviewing.

Following refinement of the intervention, a small randomized controlled trial (n = 60; 30 in each group) to examine the efficacy of the intervention compared to an assessment-only condition will be conducted. The goals of this two-year study are to: 1) reduce high-risk injection practices among active IDUs that lead to bacterial and viral infections, 2) improve skin and needle cleaning behavioral skills, and 3) increase skin cleaning prior to injection and reduce subcutaneous/intramuscular injection.

In addition to examining these goals over a six-month period, the acceptability and feasibility of the intervention will be examined.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Intravenous Drug Abuse

Intervention

Skin and Needle Hygiene Intervention, No intervention - assessment-only condition

Location

Project Safe, University of Colorado
Denver
Colorado
United States
80506

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Northern Colorado

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:28-0400

Clinical Trials [6180 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Preventing Bacterial and Viral Infections Among Injection Drug Users

We propose a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Skin intervention, compared to an assessment-only condition (both groups receive rapid HIV testing, a review of testing results, and b...

Kent State University / Price Chopper Employee Wellness Study

This is a comprehensive randomized cluster hand-hygiene improvement intervention to reduce: self-reported acute respiratory tract infections (ARI) / influenza-like-illness (ILI) and gastro...

A Multifaceted Intervention to Improve Hand Hygiene

This randomized controlled trial will evaluate the effect of a multifaceted intervention including performance feedback on adherence to hand hygiene among healthcare workers. A key compone...

Adapting Sleep and Yoga Interventions for Maximal Effectiveness in Low Income Populations

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a future randomized control trial that will compare the efficacy of sleep behavioral interventions in a high-risk com...

Minimal-Massive Intervention in Elderly Patients With Dysphagia

The purpose of this study is to apply a minimal-massive intervention (minimal recommendations to maximal number of patients) to elderly (>70 years) hospitalized patients with oropharyngeal...

PubMed Articles [16149 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A framework for designing hand hygiene educational interventions in schools.

Hygiene education appears to be the commonest school-based intervention for preventing infectious diseases, especially in the developing world. Nevertheless, there remains a gap in literature regardin...

Effects of a sleep hygiene text message intervention on sleep in college students.

To test the effectiveness of a text-message intervention to promote sleep hygiene to improve sleep in young adult college students.

Intervention delivery fidelity assessment of a counseling-based intervention for promoting smoking reduction and increasing physical activity.

The aims of this study were to (1) develop an approach to assess the delivery fidelity of a complex intervention to simultaneously increase physical activity and reduce smoking and (2) use this approa...

A Quasi-experimental Study to Explore the Effect of Barrier Cream on the Peristomal Skin of Patients With a Tracheostomy.

Peristomal skin problems represent one of the most common complications of a tracheostomy. A quasi-experimental study was conducted among patients ages 18 to 65 years hospitalized in a Turkish univers...

Importance of implementation level when evaluating the effect of the Hi Five Intervention on infectious illness and illness-related absenteeism.

There is limited research on the importance of implementation when evaluating the effect of hand hygiene interventions in school settings in developed countries. The aim of this study was to examine t...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.

The sum total of nursing activities which includes assessment (identifying needs), intervention (ministering to needs), and evaluation (validating the effectiveness of the help given).

Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)

The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)

More From BioPortfolio on "Reducing Health Problems Associated With Injection Drug Use"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Drug Discovery
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...

Pharmacy
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...


Searches Linking to this Trial