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Sleep Apnea (SA) is a disorder that causes pauses in breathing during sleep that expose the heart to oxygen deprivation. It is common in patients with heart failure (HF) where it is associated with increased risk of hospitalizations and death. It is not known however whether treating SA reduces these risks. This study is looking at whether a respiratory device known as Adaptive Servo Ventilation (ASV) can reduce the rate of cardiovascular hospitalizations and death in subjects with HF and SA. Study subjects will randomly receive either their regular medications OR their regular medications plus ASV. They will be followed for approximately 5 years and information relevant to their health will be collected and compared.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Adaptive Servo Ventilation
University Health Network
Toronto Rehabilitation Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:28-0400
The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the long-term effects and cost-effectiveness of adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) on the mortality and morbidity of patients with stable heart failu...
The main goal of this French multicenter observational cohort study is to prospectively collect data assessing the impact of the Adaptative Servo-Ventilation treatment on the quality of sl...
The purpose of the project is: 1. to determine the incidence of complex sleep apnea 2. to determine what percentage of cases will resolve over time with therapy with Conti...
In patients with underlying heart diseases like hypertensive heart disease, coronary heart disease or dilative cardiomyopathy obstructive sleep-apnea, central sleep-apnea and Cheyne-Stok...
The purpose of the study is to determine if, in people with sleep apnea who have undergone cardioversion therapy for atrial fibrillation, the recurrence rate of atrial fibrillation is affe...
Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) is a ventilator algorithm able to correct breathing through anticyclic support of breathing in patients with central sleep apnea (CSA). So far, very few data exist reg...
Patients with heart failure and sleep apnea are at increased risk of developing arrhythmias. It is unknown whether treatment of sleep apnea reduces arrhythmias.
The SERVE-HF study has raised questions concerning the higher mortality under adaptive servoventilation. The ventilatory mode was discussed as a possible aggravating factor.
Although mixed sleep apnea (MSA) is one of the three types of sleep apnea, it is not considered a separate disease entity. It is generally seen as a part of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (...
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...