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In a randomized controlled trial patients undergoing aortic valve replacement are recruited into 3 groups. Patients receive either an intra-aortic filter (Embol-X), designed to reduce solid microemboli during mechanical surgical intervention, a dynamic bubble-trap (DBT), designed to reduce gaseous microemboli from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), or no additional device (control-group). Cognitive functioning is assessed 3 weeks to 1 day before and 3 months (+/- 1 week) after valve replacement. Furthermore, cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is carried 2-6 days after surgery. Primary endpoint is the cognitive outcome of the filter groups compared to the controls. Secondary endpoint is the number of acute ischemic lesions after CABG.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Neurocognitive Outcome After Aortic Valve Replacement
Embol-X intra-aortic emboli filter, DBT dynamic bubble trap, Control group
University Clinic Giessen
University of Giessen
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:00-0400
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This prospective, randomized study was designed to investigate the benefit of using a Filter-Protection-Device (Claret MontageTM Dual Filter System) during transcatheter aortic valve impla...
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Counterpulsation in which a pumping unit synchronized with the patient's electrocardiogram rapidly fills a balloon in the aorta with helium or carbon dioxide in early diastole and evacuates the balloon at the onset of systole. As the balloon inflates, it raises aortic diastolic pressure, and as it deflates, it lowers aortic systolic pressure. The result is a decrease in left ventricular work and increased myocardial and peripheral perfusion.
Small clusters of chemoreceptive and supporting cells located near the ARCH OF THE AORTA; the PULMONARY ARTERIES; and the coronary arteries. The aortic bodies sense PH; CARBON DIOXIDE; and oxygen concentrations in the BLOOD and participate in the control of RESPIRATION. The aortic bodies should not be confused with the PARA-AORTIC BODIES in the abdomen (which are sometimes also called aortic bodies).
Small masses of chromaffin cells found near the SYMPATHETIC GANGLIA along the ABDOMINAL AORTA, beginning cranial to the superior mesenteric artery (MESENTERIC ARTERY, SUPERIOR) or renal arteries and extending to the level of the aortic bifurcation or just beyond. They are also called the organs of Zuckerkandl and sometimes called aortic bodies (not to be confused with AORTIC BODIES in the THORAX). The para-aortic bodies are the dominant source of CATECHOLAMINES in the FETUS and normally regress after BIRTH.
Loose, usually removable intra-oral devices which alter the muscle forces against the teeth and craniofacial skeleton. These are dynamic appliances which depend on altered neuromuscular action to effect bony growth and occlusal development. They are usually used in mixed dentition to treat pediatric malocclusions. (ADA, 1992)
Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).
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