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Disposal of Oral Fructose During Exercise

2014-08-27 03:13:28 | BioPortfolio

Summary

There is evidence that total carbohydrate oxidation during exercise is higher after ingestion of fructose:glucose mixture than after ingestion of equimolar amounts of glucose alone. This may possible contribute to improve performance, provided that the extra carbohydrate oxidation induced by fructose:glucose co-ingestion occurs in skeletal muscle. The present study aims at assessing the hypothesis that, during exercise, a substantial portion of oral fructose is converted into lactate prior to oxidation To identify the major pathways of fructose disposal, 7 healthy endurance trained male volunteers will be studied. For each participant the following measurement will be performed

- a measurement of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) on an ergometric bicycle

- a 2 hour exercise protocol with oral administration of a glucose drink. 6,6-2H2 glucose (0.44 µmol/kg/min) and 13C3 lactate (2.25 µmol/kg/min) will be infused to calculate glucose and lactate kinetics. Indirect calorimetry will be performed to measure total carbohydrate oxidation and expired 13CO2 will be monitored to calculate whole body lactate oxidation

- a 2 hour exercise protocol with oral administration of a glucose:fructose (72 + 48 g every hour) mixture. 6,6-2H2 glucose (0.44 µmol/kg/min) and 13C3 lactate (2.25 µmol/kg/min) will be infused to calculate glucose and lactate kinetics. Indirect calorimetry will be performed to measure total carbohydrate oxidation and expired 13CO2 will be monitored to calculate whole body lactate oxidation

- a 2 hour exercise protocol with oral administration of a glucose:fructose (72 + 48 g every hour) mixture with fructose labelled with 13C6 fructose to evaluate exogenous fructose metabolic fate and oxidation. 6,6-2H2 glucose (0.44 µmol/kg/min) will be infused to calculate glucose kinetics. Fructose conversion into lactate and glucose will be evaluated by monitoring the systemic appearance of plasma 13C-labelled lactate and 13C-labelled glucose. Total exogenous fructose oxidation will be measured by monitoring 13CO2 production.

Based on these measurements, semi-quantitative estimates of total fructose oxidation, fructose conversion into glucose, fructose conversion into lactate, and oxidation of fructose-derived lactate will be obtained

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Carbohydrate Metabolism at Exercise

Intervention

Fructose:glucose drink, glucose drink

Location

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
Lausanne
Switzerland
CH-1011

Status

Completed

Source

University of Lausanne

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:28-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An ester of glucose with phosphoric acid, made in the course of glucose metabolism by mammalian and other cells. It is a normal constituent of resting muscle and probably is in constant equilibrium with fructose-6-phosphate. (Stedman, 26th ed)

Maintenance of a constant blood glucose level by perfusion or infusion with glucose or insulin. It is used for the study of metabolic rates (e.g., in glucose, lipid, amino acid metabolism) at constant glucose concentration.

Peptide hormones that cause an increase in the absorption of GLUCOSE by cells within organs such as LIVER, MUSCLE and ADIPOSE TISSUE. During normal metabolism insulins are produced by the PANCREATIC BETA CELLS in response to increased GLUCOSE. Natural and chemically-modified forms of insulin are also used in the treatment of GLUCOSE METABOLISM DISORDERS such as DIABETES MELLITUS.

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.

Pathological conditions in which the BLOOD GLUCOSE cannot be maintained within the normal range, such as in HYPOGLYCEMIA and HYPERGLYCEMIA. Etiology of these disorders varies. Plasma glucose concentration is critical to survival for it is the predominant fuel for the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.

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