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The purpose of the study is to investigate the efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive-behavior therapy (MBCT) for improvement of symptoms associated with bipolar disorder, by comparing MBCT to supportive psychotherapy. Patients who participate in this study will be randomly assigned to receive either
1. state of the art group MBCT, or
2. supportive group psychotherapy (which is considered part of the standard care available to patients at MGH).
We will conduct a randomized controlled trial of group MBCT (n=30) vs. SP (n=30) and compare the benefits and durability of MBCT vs. SP for decreasing symptoms in DSM-IV bipolar individuals over a 12-week period and 3-month follow-up adjunctive to mood stabilizing medications. Subjects in the MBCT group will receive group therapy sessions of standardized yoga-meditation based exercises enhanced by psychoeducation and relapse prevention for bipolar disorder. Subjects in the SP group will receive support for coping with the symptoms of bipolar disorder, as well as psychoeducation about bipolar disorder. The focus of SP is on reflecting and expressing feelings about current life issues. Patients are supported and comforted when coping with difficult situations, depression, mood swings, or anger. We will assess mood, cognitive and psychosocial functioning before and after treatment for participants in both groups. Finally, we will investigate the functional neuroanatomy associated with memory impairment, attention, and mindful breathing in subjects with bipolar disorder as a predictor of treatment response using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI).
Inclusion criteria: The following conditions must be met for patient eligibility:
1. MINI diagnostic criteria for any bipolar disorder (type I, type II, and NOS)
2. Written informed consent
3. Men or women aged 18-65
4. No severe mood episodes in the past 4 weeks.
5. Able to read and understand English.
Exclusion criteria: Patients meeting any of the following criteria will be excluded from the study:
1. Subjects with suicidal ideation where outpatient treatment is determined unsafe by the study clinician. These patients will be immediately referred to appropriate clinical treatment.
2. History of seizure disorder, brain injury, any history of known neurological disease (multiple sclerosis, degenerative disease such as ALS, Parkinson disease and any movement disorders, etc).
3. History or current diagnosis of the following DSM-IV psychiatric illness: organic mental disorder, schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, psychotic disorders not otherwise specified, major depressive disorder, patients with mood congruent or mood incongruent psychotic features, patients with substance dependence disorders, including alcohol, active within the last 12 months.
4. Patients who have untreated hypothyroidism.
5. Patients who have had electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) within the 6 months preceding enrollment.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Supportive Psychotherapy
Massachusetts General Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:05:42-0400
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