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Concomitant Chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) With Weekly Docetaxel and Cisplatin for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

2014-08-27 03:13:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This phase II trial is evaluating the efficacy of concurrent chemoradiation therapy with weekly docetaxel and cisplatin combination regimen.

Description

Many studies have shown the superiority of concurrent chemoradiotherapy over radiotherapy only in locally advanced head and neck cancer. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with high dose cisplatin has been universally used regimen. In a large-scaled phase II trial, however, conducted by the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), docetaxel (100mg/m2) plus cisplatin (75mg/ m2) every three weeks regimen produced improved survival, nonetheless there was significant limitation to deliver full doses of treatment due to significant hematologic and non-hematologic toxicities. Previously, we showed the safety of the combination regimen of weekly docetaxel and cisplatin in concurrent chemoradiation treatment in a phase I study. We determined the MTD of docetaxel to be 20mg/m2 weekly when concurrently administered with conventional fractionation RT and weekly 20mg/m2 of cisplatin.

Study Design

Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Head and Neck Cancer

Intervention

CCRT with weekly docetaxel & cisplatin

Location

Samsung Medical Center
Seoul
Korea, Republic of
135-710

Status

Recruiting

Source

Samsung Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)

Dissection in the neck to remove all disease tissues including cervical LYMPH NODES and to leave an adequate margin of normal tissue. This type of surgery is usually used in tumors or cervical metastases in the head and neck. The prototype of neck dissection is the radical neck dissection described by Crile in 1906.

A form of RHABDOMYOSARCOMA arising primarily in the head and neck, especially the orbit, of children below the age of 10. The cells are smaller than those of other rhabdomyosarcomas and are of two basic cell types: spindle cells and round cells. This cancer is highly sensitive to chemotherapy and has a high cure rate with multi-modality therapy. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2188)

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A symptom, not a disease, of a twisted neck. In most instances, the head is tipped toward one side and the chin rotated toward the other. The involuntary muscle contractions in the neck region of patients with torticollis can be due to congenital defects, trauma, inflammation, tumors, and neurological or other factors.

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