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Many studies have shown the superiority of concurrent chemoradiotherapy over radiotherapy only in locally advanced head and neck cancer. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with high dose cisplatin has been universally used regimen. In a large-scaled phase II trial, however, conducted by the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), docetaxel (100mg/m2) plus cisplatin (75mg/ m2) every three weeks regimen produced improved survival, nonetheless there was significant limitation to deliver full doses of treatment due to significant hematologic and non-hematologic toxicities. Previously, we showed the safety of the combination regimen of weekly docetaxel and cisplatin in concurrent chemoradiation treatment in a phase I study. We determined the MTD of docetaxel to be 20mg/m2 weekly when concurrently administered with conventional fractionation RT and weekly 20mg/m2 of cisplatin.
Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Head and Neck Cancer
CCRT with weekly docetaxel & cisplatin
Samsung Medical Center
Korea, Republic of
Samsung Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:35-0400
Docetaxel and cetuximab are FDA approved for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Cisplatin and carboplatin, while not FDA approved for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of...
The purpose of this study is to test the safety of RAD001 (everolimus) tablets at different dose levels, when added to docetaxel and cisplatin. We want to find out what effects, good and/...
- Evaluate the response rate of the combination of cisplatin, docetaxel and OSI-774 in patients with metastatic or recurrent head and neck squamous cell cancers. - Evaluate the s...
To evaluate the efficacy of the concomitant combination of radiotherapy and docetaxel with or without cisplatin in terms of objective response rates (WHO criteria).
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (chemotherapy given before radiotherapy) using cisplatin and docetaxel, followed by carbop...
Cisplatin is used as a standard chemotherapeutic agent for head and neck cancer treatment. However, some head and neck cancers have cisplatin resistance, leading to difficulty in treatment and poor pr...
The head and neck cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. There are more than 600 000 new cases in the world every year. Cisplatin is often used in the treatment of head and ne...
Cisplatin and cetuximab are both systemic therapies commonly used in combination with radiation (RT) for the definitive treatment of head and neck cancers, but their comparative efficacy is unclear.
Cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CTX) is commonly used concurrently with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer. The value of CTX regimens other than cisplatin for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma...
Docetaxel improves survival in patients with metastatic prostate cancer (PC). This randomized phase II trial aimed to assess the activity of weekly docetaxel with radiotherapy (RT) plus androgen depri...
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
Dissection in the neck to remove all disease tissues including cervical LYMPH NODES and to leave an adequate margin of normal tissue. This type of surgery is usually used in tumors or cervical metastases in the head and neck. The prototype of neck dissection is the radical neck dissection described by Crile in 1906.
A form of RHABDOMYOSARCOMA arising primarily in the head and neck, especially the orbit, of children below the age of 10. The cells are smaller than those of other rhabdomyosarcomas and are of two basic cell types: spindle cells and round cells. This cancer is highly sensitive to chemotherapy and has a high cure rate with multi-modality therapy. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2188)
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
A symptom, not a disease, of a twisted neck. In most instances, the head is tipped toward one side and the chin rotated toward the other. The involuntary muscle contractions in the neck region of patients with torticollis can be due to congenital defects, trauma, inflammation, tumors, and neurological or other factors.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Prostate cancer (cancer de prostata) Prostate cancer (cancer de prostata) is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, there are cases of aggressive prostat...
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