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1. Research Question: What is the influence of methadone on postoperative analgesia after lumbar interbody fusion in opioid naïve patients or patients who are taking less than equivalent of 15 mg IV morphine each day? What is the incidence of opioid related postoperative side effects after the administration of methadone in the operating room?
2. Hypothesis: (1) We hypothesize that 0.2 mg/kg of methadone will result in decreased postoperative hydromorphone consumption compared to hydromorphone alone in opioid naïve patients or patients who are taking less than the equivalent of 15 mg IV morphine a day undergoing lumbar interbody fusion. (2) We hypothesize that the incidence of opioid related postoperative side effects will not be increased by the administration of methadone in the operating room.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Enrolling by invitation
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:39-0400
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A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)
A pyrrolizine carboxylic acid derivative structurally related to INDOMETHACIN. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent used for analgesia for postoperative pain and inhibits cyclooxygenase activity.
Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.
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A family of gram-negative, moderately halophilic bacteria in the order Oceanospirillales. Members of the family have been isolated from temperate and Antarctic saline lakes, solar salt facilities, saline soils, and marine environments.
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