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The purpose of this research is to determine if there is a difference in total costs of care and return to health in women who undergo a laparoscopic abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC)compared to those undergoing the same procedure with the assistance of a robot.
Both traditional laparoscopic and robotic assisted laparoscopic approaches have been found to result in shorter hospital stays, decreased blood loss and similar surgical outcomes as compared to open abdominal surgery. The decision to use robotic assistance is typically based on surgeon preference and robot availability. Thje investigators don't know if the decision to use robotic assistance at the time of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is a benefit for the patient. The investigators will compare the outcomes of cost, quality of life, and return to work for women who undergo a laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy utilizing the robot to those using traditional laparoscopic techniques.
This research study is designed to compare the total costs and treatment success of these two surgical techniques. In addition, the investigators also will compare outcomes of post-operative pain, quality of life, sexual function, return to normal activities and satisfaction with treatment outcome.
Approximately one in ten women undergoes surgery for prolapse or incontinence in her lifetime. Of these, up to thirty percent require a re-operation for recurrence of their prolapse or incontinence symptoms. It has been estimated one in nine women will undergo a hysterectomy in her lifetime, and up to 10% of these women will require surgery for symptomatic vaginal vault prolapse. The search for the ideal repair for pelvic organ prolapse has led to the invention of several approaches to this problem.
Abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) with synthetic mesh is considered the gold standard in the surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse with anatomic success rates ranging from 90 to 100% (Brubaker L, Guiahi M). Randomized comparative effectiveness trials and systematic literature reviews demonstrated the anatomic superiority of open ASC compared to vaginal sacrospinous ligament suspension.
Although ASC has the highest anatomic success rates for correcting apical prolapse, it is traditionally done via a laparotomy requiring an abdominal incision. Open technique is associated with more frequent short-term complications, including gastrointestinal (Benson JT, Whitehead W).
Minimally invasive approaches to ASC using laparoscopy or robotic assisted laparoscopy demonstrate shorter hospital stays, decreased blood loss, and similar short-term anatomic outcomes when compared to open ASC (Geller E, Tarr M, Paiso M). Increasing numbers of surgeons and patients choose minimally invasive ASC to maximize the benefits of abdominally placed mesh and the shorter-recovery associated with minimally invasive surgery. Few studies have compared laparoscopy to robotic assisted-laparoscopy in pelvic reconstructive surgery.
Like many techniques in pelvic surgery, trends in the management of pelvic organ prolapse continue to evolve. Unfortunately, such trends are not supported by level I data, specifically that provided by randomized clinical trials. Although robotic technology is new and rapidly spreading throughout the urologic and gynecologic communities, there are no randomized trials comparing outcomes of robotic to more traditional laparoscopic techniques for reconstructive pelvic surgery. Retrospective series indicate comparable efficacy with respect to cure of prolapse. However, to date is it unknown how robotic surgery compares to laparoscopic techniques with respect to cost, patient safety, pain, and ability to return to normal activities.
The use of the robot in laparoscopic surgery is costly. The costs of purchasing a robot has been estimated at $1.5 million dollars with annual maintenance costs of $112,0007. In addition, additional costs exist for the robotic equipment utilized with each case. It is arguable that the maintenance and operative equipment costs may overshadow any potential savings in length of hospital stay and patient convalescence. However, if robotic sacrocolpopexy can provide better immediate quality of life, less pain, and faster recovery compared to laparoscopic techniques, the investment in robotic techniques may very well be cost effective when a societal perspective is taken.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic ASC, Laparoscopic Abdominal Sacrocolpopexy
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:39-0400
Robotic-assisted Abdominal Sacrocolpopexy is both a feasible and safe method for apical prolapse repair of the vagina.
The aim of the study is to perspectively compare the anatomical and functional outcomes of Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) repair after Laparoscopic or Robotic-assisted Colposacropexy.
Facing the stakes of hospital beds, this study assessed day case variant technic of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy with or without robotic assistant.
Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the uterus or vaginal walls bulge into or beyond the vaginal introitus. Abdominal sacrocolpopexy is the most durable operation for advanced pelvic organ p...
This is a prospective, comparative randomized study. Our study population includes women with pelvic organ prolapse undergoing a robotic assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. The two grou...
Sacral osteomyelitis is a rare complication after robotic sacrocolpopexy, with previous reports of enteric and skin flora as inciting organisms. We report a patient who presented with severe low back ...
This study evaluates the necessity and effect of an indwelling transurethral catheter in the early postoperative period following a robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy.
To investigate differences in perioperative complications and short-term outcomes of patients who underwent abdominal sacrocolpopexy / sacrohysteropexy, laparoscopic sa-crocolpopexy / sacrohysteropexy...
Laparoscopic and robotic-assisted myomectomy are limited in the number and size of myoma that can be removed, while abdominal myomectomy is associated with increased complications and morbidity. The o...
Although shown to be safe in infancy, robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP) for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is most commonly performed in older children and adolescents.
Placement of one of the surgeon's gloved hands into the ABDOMINAL CAVITY to perform manual manipulations that facilitate the laparoscopic procedures.
Excision of the gallbladder through an abdominal incision using a laparoscope.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
A technique that came into use in the mid-1980's for assisted conception in infertile women with normal fallopian tubes. The protocol consists of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, followed by laparoscopic follicular aspiration of oocytes, and then the transfer of sperm and oocytes by catheterization into the fallopian tubes.
The region in the abdomen extending from the thoracic DIAPHRAGM to the plane of the superior pelvic aperture (pelvic inlet). The abdominal cavity contains the PERITONEUM and abdominal VISCERA, as well as the extraperitoneal space which includes the RETROPERITONEAL SPACE.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
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