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BIRN Resources Facilitate the Personalization of Malignant Brain Tumor

2014-08-27 03:13:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The goal of this study is to create a comprehensive database of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and of pathology for patients with brain tumors. Both standard, advanced, and research MRI components may be included, these will be analyzed in comparison with pathology results if/when a biopsy is obtained, and also used to predict/evaluate responses to therapy. This study will create a database of de-identified MRI images which include these techniques so that brain tumors can be studied over time (longitudinally) in an organized manner.

Description

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant neoplasm of the adult brain. Even after multimodal therapy, treatment outcomes remain poor, with a median survival of approximately one year. A central challenge facing investigators in the modern era is how to resolve the heterogeneity inherent in GBM pathology using technology and how to identify individual genetic or molecular markers that indicate how treatment can be individualized to improve outcomes with an emphasis on using this heterogeneity to improve patient care. With advances in imaging and the potential for genetic sequence analysis, increasingly clinicians and researchers have focused on specific clinical, imaging, and genetic biomarkers to allow the personalization of brain tumor treatment in an attempt to improve the limitations we have faced in extending patient survival from this devastating disease. Specific methodologies have been developed to allow genetic microarray analysis of patient's tumor tissue, and this type of research is ongoing at one of our participating institutions, Swedish Medical Center. In addition, centers such as Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri have extensive experience pursuing advanced imaging biomarkers and their applications to clinical neuro-oncology research.

Of importance, however, although clinicians and researchers have come to recognize that in-vivo imaging technologies may have as much if not more relevance than genetic biomarkers in the personalization of brain tumor treatment, clinical trials attempting to validate these biomarkers and correlate them with particular outcomes have been limited by a lack of technology infrastructure that would allow multi-site image acquisition, processing, data analysis, subsequent correlation with clinical and genetic data, and ultimately sharing of anonymized data with other researchers from a central archiving site. BIRN infrastructure will integrate neuroimaging, genetic microarray, and clinical data with a focus on integrating imaging biomarkers into prospective clinical research in patients with malignant brain tumors.

In this project, a consortium of neuro-oncology research centers will be federated to obtain a unified set of clinical, genetic, and imaging data. In the initial phase, 100 patients with malignant brain tumors at two participating sites will be studied. Our ultimate goal will be to use the developed protocols and informatics infrastructure to expand the consortium to include a large number neuro-oncology clinical sites suitable for executing large scale clinical trials that will facilitate the generation of data to identify which imaging biomarkers are relevant for the personalization of brain tumor treatment and ultimately improvement of outcomes for patients with this devastating disease.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Glioblastoma Multiforme

Location

Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis
Missouri
United States
63110

Status

Recruiting

Source

Washington University School of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:40-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Benign and malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells (i.e., astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymocytes). Astrocytes may give rise to astrocytomas (ASTROCYTOMA) or glioblastoma multiforme (see GLIOBLASTOMA). Oligodendrocytes give rise to oligodendrogliomas (OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) and ependymocytes may undergo transformation to become EPENDYMOMA; CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS; or colloid cysts of the third ventricle. (From Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p21)

A skin and mucous membrane disease characterized by an eruption of macules, papules, nodules, vesicles, and/or bullae with characteristic "bull's-eye" lesions usually occurring on the dorsal aspect of the hands and forearms.

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A malignant form of astrocytoma histologically characterized by pleomorphism of cells, nuclear atypia, microhemorrhage, and necrosis. They may arise in any region of the central nervous system, with a predilection for the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, and commissural pathways. Clinical presentation most frequently occurs in the fifth or sixth decade of life with focal neurologic signs or seizures.

Condition characterized by large, rapidly extending, erythematous, tender plaques on the upper body usually accompanied by fever and dermal infiltration of neutrophilic leukocytes. It occurs mostly in middle-aged women, is often preceded by an upper respiratory infection, and clinically resembles ERYTHEMA MULTIFORME. Sweet syndrome is associated with LEUKEMIA.

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