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Endomicroscopy (EM) can improve the diagnosis Barrett's esophagus (BE) and some early esophageal cancers (Intraepithelial neoplasia(IEN)). EM provides optical biopsies comparable to standard histology. Specifically, EM allows targeted biopsy rather than random mucosal biopsy during routine endoscopic surveillance of BE or evaluation EIN, which will improve the diagnostic yield of mucosal samples for BE IEN. Furthermore, when combined with high resolution endoscopy, EM may improve the overall in vivo detection of IEN in lesions as well as flat mucosa.
EM will provide accurate place and size of IEN which will impact the physician's decision to biopsy or perform endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). This could potentially minimize the number of unnecessary biopsies and as well as enable the physician to perform EMR at the time of the initial examination, rather than delaying endoscopic treatment after the pathology is available. This study is important because it will validate single center studies supporting the routine use of EM for screening and surveillance of BE.
Our central hypothesis is that endomicroscopy (EM) can improve the efficiency of the endoscopic diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and associated Intraepithelial neoplasia(IEN), providing in-vivo optical biopsies comparable to standard histology. Specifically, EM will enable targeted biopsy rather than random mucosal biopsy during routine endoscopic surveillance of BE or endoscopic evaluation of patients with suspected or proven unlocalized IEN, which will improve the diagnostic yield of mucosal samples for BE IEN. Furthermore, when combined with high resolution endoscopy, EM may improve the overall in vivo detection of IEN in lesions as well as flat mucosa.
We also hypothesize that EM will provide additional accurate information regarding the presence of IEN that will impact upon the physician's decision to obtain a mucosal biopsy or perform endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). This could potentially minimize the number of unnecessary biopsies and as well as enable the physician to perform EMR at the time of the initial examination, rather than delaying endoscopic treatment to another procedure after the pathology from the mucosal biopsies are available. This study is important because it will validate single center studies supporting the routine use of EM for screening and surveillance of BE.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Screening
Barrett's Esophagus, Esophageal Intraepithelial Neoplasia
Massachusetts General Hospital
Johns Hopkins University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:40-0400
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A condition with damage to the lining of the lower ESOPHAGUS resulting from chronic acid reflux (ESOPHAGITIS, REFLUX). Through the process of metaplasia, the squamous cells are replaced by a columnar epithelium with cells resembling those of the INTESTINE or the salmon-pink mucosa of the STOMACH. Barrett's columnar epithelium is a marker for severe reflux and precursor to ADENOCARCINOMA of the esophagus.
A motility disorder of the ESOPHAGUS in which the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER (near the CARDIA) fails to relax resulting in functional obstruction of the esophagus, and DYSPHAGIA. Achalasia is characterized by a grossly contorted and dilated esophagus (megaesophagus).
Disorders affecting the motor function of the UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; the ESOPHAGUS body, or a combination of these parts. The failure of the sphincters to maintain a tonic pressure may result in gastric reflux of food and acid into the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX). Other disorders include hypermotility (spastic disorders) and markedly increased amplitude in contraction (nutcracker esophagus).
A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of ESOPHAGEAL DIVERTICULA in the ESOPHAGUS.
A premalignant change arising in the prostatic epithelium, regarded as the most important and most likely precursor of prostatic adenocarcinoma. The neoplasia takes the form of an intra-acinar or ductal proliferation of secretory cells with unequivocal nuclear anaplasia, which corresponds to nuclear grade 2 and 3 invasive prostate cancer.
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