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Objective: To evaluate the predisposing factors associated with abnormal laboratory findings in patients who came to the emergency room due to a first seizure.
Methods: Patients were divided into separate groups based on normal and abnormal laboratory results for sodium, potassium, calcium, and glucose. The difference in age, gender, whether this was the first attack, whether there was fever, whether there were gastrointestinal symptoms, the duration and pattern of the seizure, and whether there was a seizure at the emergency department, were evaluated.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Taipei Medical University-WanFang Hospital
Taipei Medical University WanFang Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:40-0400
A Multicentre, observational and cohort study to get the incidence of new-onset or newly-diagnosed seizure in neonatal population. EEG will used to record the change of brain electric acti...
A Multicentre, observational and cohort study to get the incidence of new-onset or newly-diagnosed seizure in neonatal population. EEG will be used to record the change of brain electric a...
This trial attempts to investigate whether the dosage (frequency) has an effect on the treatment efficacy and cognitive outcomes of magnetic seizure therapy (MST) among schizophrenia patie...
The seizure detection and warning system is an ambulatory system designed to monitor and analyze EMG data to detect the onset of GTC seizures and to provide a warning signal to alert careg...
The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of bupropion on seizure threshold and duration in depressed patients receiving right unilateral ultra-brief electroconvulsive therapy (ECT...
The treatment of focal epilepsies is largely predicated on the concept that there is a "focus" from which the seizure emanates. Yet, the physiological context that determines if and how ictal activity...
A first seizure can range from a fleeting subjective experience or a twitch (myoclonic jerk) through to a tonic-clonic convulsion. A first seizure occurred in a parturient during cesarean section is v...
To investigate the course of epilepsy and seizure control during pregnancy. 105 pregnant women with epilepsy were studied prospectively during the period from 2013 to 2017. The average age at the onse...
Atypical antipsychotics are known to be associated with electroencephalogram abnormalities. Olanzapine can lower seizure threshold and induce epileptiform discharges. However in patients on Olanzapine...
Exogenous estrogens might lead to seizure worsening in women with epilepsy (WWE) by lowering the seizure threshold and inducing glucuronidation in women taking lamotrigine. Assisted reproduction techn...
Conditions characterized by recurrent paroxysmal neuronal discharges which arise from a focal region of the brain. Partial seizures are divided into simple and complex, depending on whether consciousness is unaltered (simple partial seizure) or disturbed (complex partial seizure). Both types may feature a wide variety of motor, sensory, and autonomic symptoms. Partial seizures may be classified by associated clinical features or anatomic location of the seizure focus. A secondary generalized seizure refers to a partial seizure that spreads to involve the brain diffusely. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp317)
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
A pharmaceutical agent that displays activity as a central nervous system and respiratory stimulant. It is considered a non-competitive GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID antagonist. Pentylenetetrazole has been used experimentally to study seizure phenomenon and to identify pharmaceuticals that may control seizure susceptibility.
A localization-related (focal) form of epilepsy characterized by seizures which arise in the frontal lobe. A variety of clinical syndromes exist depending on the exact location of the seizure focus. Simple or complex motor movements may occur, and most commonly involve the face and upper extremities. Seizures in the anterior frontal regions may be associated with head and eye turning, typically away from the side of origin of the seizure. Frontal lobe seizures may be idiopathic (cryptogenic) or caused by an identifiable disease process such as traumatic injuries, neoplasms, or other macroscopic or microscopic lesions of the frontal lobes (symptomatic frontal lobe seizures). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp318-9)
Seizures that occur during a febrile episode. It is a common condition, affecting 2-5% of children aged 3 months to five years. An autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance has been identified in some families. The majority are simple febrile seizures (generally defined as generalized onset, single seizures with a duration of less than 30 minutes). Complex febrile seizures are characterized by focal onset, duration greater than 30 minutes, and/or more than one seizure in a 24 hour period. The likelihood of developing epilepsy (i.e., a nonfebrile seizure disorder) following simple febrile seizures is low. Complex febrile seizures are associated with a moderately increased incidence of epilepsy. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p784)
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...