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An In-home Study of Brain Computer Interfaces

2014-08-27 03:13:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The investigators are developing a tool to help people who are severely paralyzed. This tool is called a brain-computer interface (BCI). BCIs can connect to computers or other electronic devices.

This study allows a person with ALS to communicate, control their wheelchair tilt and perform other tasks using a BCI, thus increasing their independence.

Description

In this study, people with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) will have a BCI in their home. They will receive training in order to operate and maintain the BCI. The BCI will allow them to access at least one task of primary interest to them. Task may include communication, computer access, control of assistive technology, or control of wheelchair seat position. Data concerning the use of the BCI will be collected throughout the study.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Intervention

Brain Computer Interface for Wheelchair Tilt Control

Location

University of Michigan
Ann Arbor
Michigan
United States
48109

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

University of Michigan

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:41-0400

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A P300 Brain Computer Interface to Operate Power Wheelchair Tilt

The investigators want to develop a brain-computer interface (BCI) that will eventually allow people who are completely paralyzed to independently control the tilt feature on their power w...

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A Clinical Demonstration of EEG Brain-computer Interface for ALS Patients

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EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interface Project for Individuals With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

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Brain Computer Interface Training After Stroke

In this study, we want to examine the effect of a new treatment approach for patients with severe upper limb paresis in the subacute phase after stroke. Brain Computer Interface (BCI) driv...

PubMed Articles [17797 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Brain-Computer Interfaces for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a device that detects signals from the brain and transforms them into useful commands. Researchers have developed BCIs that utilize different kinds of brain signals...

Stability of a chronic implanted brain-computer interface in late-stage amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

We investigated the long-term functional stability and home use of a fully implanted electrocorticography (ECoG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) for communication by an individual with late-stage...

Development of a Web-Based Monitoring System for Power Tilt-in-Space Wheelchairs: Formative Evaluation.

In order to prevent pressure ulcers, wheelchair users are advised to regularly change position to redistribute or eliminate pressure between the buttocks region and the seat of the wheelchair. A power...

Combined Lateral and Longitudinal Control of EEG Signals-Based Brain-Controlled Vehicles.

Using brain signals rather than limbs to control a vehicle may not only help persons with disabilities to acquire driving ability, but also provide healthy persons with a new alternative way to drive....

Eye-Controlled, Power Wheelchair Performs Well for ALS Patients.

Our pilot study tested the feasibility and performance of an eye-controlled power wheelchair for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Instrumentation consisting of hardware and software that communicates with the BRAIN. The hardware component of the interface records brain signals, while the software component analyzes the signals and converts them into a command that controls a device or sends a feedback signal to the brain.

Diseases characterized by the presence of abnormally phosphorylated, ubiquitinated, and cleaved DNA-binding protein TDP-43 in affected brain and spinal cord. Inclusions of the pathologic protein in neurons and glia, without the presence of AMYLOID, is the major feature of these conditions, thus making these proteinopathies distinct from most other neurogenerative disorders in which protein misfolding leads to brain amyloidosis. Both frontotemporal lobar degeneration and AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS exhibit this common method of pathogenesis and thus they may represent two extremes of a continuous clinicopathological spectrum of one disease.

A degenerative disorder affecting upper MOTOR NEURONS in the brain and lower motor neurons in the brain stem and SPINAL CORD. Disease onset is usually after the age of 50 and the process is usually fatal within 3 to 6 years. Clinical manifestations include progressive weakness, atrophy, FASCICULATION, hyperreflexia, DYSARTHRIA, dysphagia, and eventual paralysis of respiratory function. Pathologic features include the replacement of motor neurons with fibrous ASTROCYTES and atrophy of anterior SPINAL NERVE ROOTS and corticospinal tracts. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1089-94)

The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.

A technique to self-regulate brain activities provided as a feedback in order to better control or enhance one's own performance, control or function. This is done by trying to bring brain activities into a range associated with a desired brain function or status.

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