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Vaginal Testosterone Cream For Atrophic Vaginitis in Women Taking Aromatase Inhibitors for Breast Cancer.

2014-07-23 21:09:06 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Atrophic vaginitis is a condition in which the skin lining of the vagina and labia becomes thin and symptoms develop including vaginal itching, vaginal discomfort and dyspareunia. These can significantly affect women's comfort, sexuality and quality of life.

Treatment for this condition includes estrogen given in pill form, commonly known as hormone replacement therapy and local estrogen treatments, such as vaginal estrogen creams and topical vaginal lubricants. Unfortunately, systemic estrogen is contraindicated in many women with breast cancer. Some providers also feel that women who are taking aromatase inhibitors for their breast cancer should also not use local estrogens as several small studies suggest that these treatments might effect estrogen levels and thus might change how effective the aromatase inhibitors are. If these women choose not to use any form of estrogen therapy there symptoms may not be well controlled with other treatments.

The investigators hypothesize that a vaginal testosterone cream might be a safe and effective alternative treatment for these women. This small study is intended to test the hypothesis that testosterone cream will not increase estrogen (estradiol) levels and that it will improve the symptoms of atrophic vaginitis including vaginal dryness, vaginal itching and pain with intercourse.

The investigators will enroll women in the trial who are taking an aromatase inhibitor and have the symptoms mentioned above. They will receive a testosterone cream which will be applied vaginally once a day for 28 days. If good results are found with a prespecified dose of testosterone, a lower dose will be tested in the next group of women enrolled.

Description

Atrophic vaginitis is a condition in which the skin lining of the vagina and labia becomes thin, usually due to a decreased estrogen state - such as menopause. Symptoms of atrophic vaginitis include vaginal itching, vaginal discomfort and dyspareunia and can significantly affect women's comfort, sexuality and quality of life.

Treatment for this condition includes estrogen given in pill form, commonly known as hormone replacement therapy and local estrogen treatments, such as vaginal estrogen creams and topical vaginal lubricants. Unfortunately, systemic estrogen is contraindicated in many women with breast cancer. Some providers also feel that women who are taking aromatase inhibitors for their breast cancer should also not use local estrogens as several small studies suggest that these treatments might effect estrogen levels and thus might change how effective the aromatase inhibitors are. If these women choose not to use any form of estrogen therapy there symptoms may not be well controlled with other treatments.

The investigators hypothesize that a vaginal testosterone cream might be a safe and effective alternative treatment for these women. This small study is intended to test the hypothesis that testosterone cream will not increase estrogen (estradiol) levels and that it will improve the symptoms of atrophic vaginitis including vaginal dryness, vaginal itching and pain with intercourse.

The investigators will enroll women in the trial who are taking an aromatase inhibitor and have the symptoms mentioned above. They will receive a testosterone cream which will be applied vaginally once a day for 28 days. If good results are found with a prespecified dose of testosterone, a lower dose will be tested in the next group of women enrolled.

Objectives:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

1.1. Does topical testosterone cream affect serum estradiol levels in women taking aromatase inhibitors for breast cancer?

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

1.2. Can atrophic vaginitis and resultant symptoms of vaginal dryness, itching and dyspareunia in women taking aromatase inhibitors for the treatment of breast cancer be improved with a topical testosterone cream?

1.3. Does topical testosterone cream affect physical findings, pH and cytologic changes in atrophic vaginitis?

Schema:

Intervention - Subjects will apply a testosterone cream to the vaginal area daily for one month (28 days).

Evaluation - Before and after the study intervention participants will have testosterone and high-sensitivity estradiol tested. They will complete a questionnaire on symptoms of atrophic vaginitis and have a gynecologic examination (with visual, speculum, pH and sample of vaginal epithelial cells.)

Endpoints - Serum estradiol levels Improvement in symptoms of atrophic vaginitis, as measured by questionnaire. Atrophic vaginitis as measured by gynecological examination (including pH and cytology to assess maturation index).

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Vaginitis

Intervention

Testosterone propionate

Location

Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island,
Pawtucket
Rhode Island
United States
02860

Status

Suspended

Source

University of Vermont

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:06-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An ester of TESTOSTERONE with a propionate substitution at the 17-beta position.

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A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.

A propionate derivative that is used to suppress coughing.

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