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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major organ failure in septic shock. Current medical tests (serum creatinine and urea) cannot identify AKI until approximately 48 hours after it occurs. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) may be able to predict ischemic AKI more effectively and faster than serum creatinine and urea levels.
The purpose of this study is to take a blood sample from patients at admission and then at 24 and 48 hours after to test their plasma for NGAL and compare the NGAL levels to their creatinine and urea levels. The investigators hypothesize that NGAL is an earlier marker to classify the kidney failure as acute tubular necrosis or pre-renal azotemia than creatinine and urea.
Primary Outcome Measures:
To correlate elevated serum NGAL with the diagnosis of intrinsic acute kidney injury in septic shock
Secondary Outcome Measures :
To compare serum NGAL with serum creatinine, serum urea and urine output in septic AKI Death within the intensive care unit Death from all causes at 28 days after inclusion
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Acute Kidney Failure
Reanimation medicale, Hopital Saint-Andre, Bordeaux University Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:46-0400
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A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.
Conditions in which the function of KIDNEYS deteriorates suddenly in a matter of days or even hours. It is characterized by the sudden drop in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE; (GMR). The most severe stage is when the GFR drops below 15 ml per min (ACUTE KIDNEY FAILURE).
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