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NIR-Guided Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping in Melanoma

2014-08-27 03:13:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will try to define an appropriate dose of the investigational drug indocyanine green (ICG) in combination with near infrared (NIR) imaging to use for future studies.

ICG is a dye which has been in use since the 50s, and is approved for testing liver function and measuring blood flow from the heart. It has been used in studies to map lymphatic pathways in lung and breast cancer and information from those studies suggest it may help identify lymph nodes associated with melanoma. ICG can be detected within the body using near-infrared light cameras.

In this study the investigators are looking at how easily ICG can get to the first lymph node (sentinel lymph node [SLN]) associated with melanoma, whether the investigators can see the path of the ICG and the SLN using a near infrared camera, and what dose of ICG works the best. While the current method for SNL mapping, known as lymphoscintigraphy, is effective it does provide a small amount of radiation. This study will compare the investigators results to the standard procedure.

Description

At the time of surgery, you will undergo a lymphoscintigraphic procedure which is standard of care for patients with melanoma. You will also receive a dose of ICG mixed with human serum albumin. This will be administered in four small injections immediately around your tumor or the tumor scar if it has already been removed. Pictures of the ICG solution will be taken with the NIR camera and the progression of the dye along the lymphatic channel from your tumor to the SLN will be monitored.

As each lymph node is removed, pictures will be taken to see if the ICG dye has entered and colored that node. We will compare this technique with the results from the lymphoscintigraphy to measure accuracy.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Melanoma

Intervention

Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping

Location

Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02115

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:46-0400

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Sentinel Node Biopsy in Melanoma: A Short Update.

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Maximizing Sentinel Lymph Node Detection: Aortic Sentinel Lymph Node Detection on Endometrial Cancer.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

First lymph node to receive drainage from the primary tumor. SENTINEL LYMPH NODE BIOPSY is performed to determine early METASTASIS status because cancer cells may appear first in the sentinel node.

A diagnostic procedure used to determine whether LYMPHATIC METASTASIS has occurred. The sentinel lymph node is the first lymph node to receive drainage from a neoplasm.

Malignant lymphoma in which the lymphomatous cells are clustered into identifiable nodules within the LYMPH NODES. The nodules resemble to some extent the GERMINAL CENTER of lymph node follicles and most likely represent neoplastic proliferation of lymph node-derived follicular center B-LYMPHOCYTES.

The local lymph node assay (LLNA) is an alternative method for the identification of chemicals that have the ability to cause skin sensitization and allergic contact dermatitis. Endpoints have been established so fewer animals are required and less painful procedures are used.

The historic designation for scrofula (TUBERCULOSIS, LYMPH NODE). The disease is so called from the belief that it could be healed by the touch of a king. This term is used only for historical articles using the name "king's evil", and is to be differentiated from scrofula as lymph node tuberculosis in modern clinical medicine. (From Webster, 3d ed)

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