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Autologous Umbilical Cord Blood Transfusion for Preterm Neonates

2014-08-27 03:13:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a pilot study to test feasibility of collection, preparation and infusion of a baby's own (autologous) umbilical cord blood in the first 14 days after birth if the baby is born premature <35 weeks of gestation.

Description

In Egypt, 12-15.8% of live neonates are low birth weight and it is estimated that about one third of such infants are preterm [1] (UNICEF, 2001). In a study that Campbell et al. (2004) conducted in Egypt, the neonatal mortality rate was estimated to be 25 per 1000 live births. prematurity was considered the main cause of neonatal deaths (39%), followed by asphyxia (18%), infection (7%), especially in the late neonatal period, and congenital malformations (6%). A substantial proportion (29%) could not be classified [2]. In developing countries, prematurity was the main cause of early neonatal deaths (62%)[3] Autologous cord blood transfusion will be safe, and cheap. The preterm neonates need transfusion of whole blood or any of its components at a time during NICU admission.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Prematurity

Intervention

Autologous cord blood transfusion for preterm neonates, Autologous cord blood transfusion

Location

Ain Shams University. Medical School
Cairo
Egypt

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Ain Shams University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:47-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Reinfusion of blood or blood products derived from the patient's own circulation. (Dorland, 27th ed)

A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.

Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.

A complication of pregnancy in which the UMBILICAL CORD wraps around the fetal neck once or multiple times. In some cases, cord entanglement around fetal neck may not affect pregnancy outcome significantly. In others, the nuchal cord may lead to restricted fetal blood flow, oxygen transport, fetal development, fetal movement, and complicated delivery at birth.

Neoplasms located in the space between the vertebral PERIOSTEUM and DURA MATER surrounding the SPINAL CORD. Tumors in this location are most often metastatic in origin and may cause neurologic deficits by mass effect on the spinal cord or nerve roots or by interfering with blood supply to the spinal cord.

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