Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The purpose of this study is to determine if autologous nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is able to induce prolonged and significant increases of C-peptide levels associated with absence of or reduction of daily insulin.
Patients with type 1 DM depend on exogenous insulin administration for survival and for control of long-term complications. The best-established treatment is tight control of blood glucose achieved by frequent daily injections or continuous subcutaneous infusion of insulin, ie, intensive insulin therapy. Although insulin therapy has developed enormously, even the most modern technologies do not allow the maintenance of normoglycemia.
Since the establishment of the autoimmune etiology of type 1 DM in the late 1970s, many clinical trials analyzing the effects of different types of immune interventions demonstrated that beta-cell preservation is an achievable target in different degrees.
Controlled trials and further biological studies are necessary to confirm the role of this treatment in changing the natural history of type 1 DM.
This is a prospective pilot study which will enroll patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus within the first months of diagnosis, with clinical and laboratory findings. The donor stimulation will be with cyclophosphamide, filgrastim, and mesna. The cells will be recollected from peripheral blood by apheresis and refrigerated. The patients will receive a nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, and after this, the cells will be injected intravenously. They will receive a standard regimen of post-transplant prophylaxis. The duration of use of this prophylactic drugs scheme depends on the patient's recovery time. The reinfusion of stem cells will be completed after the last dose of cyclophosphamide, through a peripheral vein.
Lately, every three months, the C-Peptide levels, glucose and insulin serum levels will be measured.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Hospital Universitario Dr. José Eleuterio González
Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:07-0400
This is a phase II trial in individuals who have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes within the previous 6 months. The study is evaluating whether stem cell transplantation is safe when ch...
Several pathophysiological theories have been proposed for the development of diabetic chronic complications. In recent years, the use of stem cells (totipotential, hematopoietic or endoth...
The study evaluates the effect of inactivation of the immune system with chemotherapy and immunotherapy and infusion of bone marrow stem cells in early onset type 1 diabetes mellitus. We h...
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic, autoimmune condition that involves the progressive destruction of pancreatic β-cells, eventually resulting in the loss of insulin production ...
This study evaluates the safety and clinical benefits of a therapeutics approach of conditioning regimen Cyclophosphamide (Cy) + Thymoglobulin r (ATG) + Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Fact...
In addition to stem cells, T-cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, and monocytes are also collected and infused from the autograft in patients undergoing autologous peripheral blood hematopoie...
Despite current therapies, diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) often has a devastating outcome. We compared myeloablative CD34+ selected autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantati...
In an attempt to harmonize clinical practices among French hematopoietic stem cell transplantation centers, the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) held i...
In this study, we used a rapid, highly-sensitive, single-cell biomass measurement method, Live Cell Interferometry (LCI), to measure biomass in populations of CD3 + T cells isolated from hematopoietic...
Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.
The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.
The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.
Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).
The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...