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Reducing Depressive Symptoms in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

2014-08-27 03:13:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the efficacy of a Mind-Body Skills Training intervention for improving mental and physical health in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) who have comorbid depressive symptoms.

Description

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, multisystemic inflammatory disease that is frequently associated with significant psychological suffering. Building upon our team's strengths in lupus biomedical research and behavioral interventions, we propose to study a non-pharmacologic intervention to improve mental and physical health of patients with SLE and co-morbid depression.

In this project, entitled, Reducing Depressive Symptoms in SLE, we will investigate the efficacy of an innovative non-pharmacologic intervention, Mind-Body Skills Training (MBST) for improving mental and physical health outcomes in SLE in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). MBST is a novel approach that combines cognitive-behavioral therapy methods, mind-body relaxation skills, and mindfulness components, each of which is beneficial for reducing pain and/or distress in other inflammatory conditions. We will assign 150 SLE patients with depressive disorder or subsyndromal depression to MBST or to a supportive counseling control condition. The primary specific aims of the project are to evaluate the effects of the 8-session MBST program on 1) mental health (depression) and 2) physical health (pain, fatigue, and health-related quality of life). Additionally we will explore the effects of the MBST intervention on 1) novel SLE biomarkers of inflammation and immune function: cell-bound complement activation products, developed at our site, 2) measures of SLE disease activity, and we will explore 3) potential treatment modifiers and mediators: baseline pain and socioeconomic status, and self-efficacy and perceived stress. We will evaluate health outcomes after the interventions and at 6- and 12-months follow-up.

SLE is one of the most complex autoimmune diseases, with one of the highest rates of depression. The MBST intervention has strong potential for addressing the unique physical manifestations and mental suffering in this patient group, and may have broad impact on distressed patients with other debilitating chronic diseases.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Intervention

Mind-Body Skills Training (MBST), Supportive Counseling (SC)

Location

University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania
United States
15232

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Pittsburgh

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:47-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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