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Reduction in vitamin D levels has been reported in subjects with recent onset type 1 diabetes. Several studies suggest that vitamin D supplementation in early childhood decreases the risk of developing type 1 diabetes, therefore vitamin D deficiency might play a role in the disease pathogenesis. We investigated whether the supplementation of the active form of vitamin D (calcitriol) in subjects with recent-onset type 1 diabetes can protect residual beta cell function evaluated by C peptide and improve glycaemic control as evaluated by HbA1c and insulin requirement.
Thirty-four subjects (age range 11-35 years, median 18 years) with recent-onset type 1 diabetes (<12 weeks duration) and high basal C-peptide >0.25 nmol/l were randomized in a double-blind trial to calcitriol (the active form of vitamin D, 1.25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] ) at the dose of 0.25 ug/day or placebo, and followed up for 2 years.
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
University Campus Bio Medico
Campus Bio-Medico University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:48-0400
Diabetes Mellitus type 1 is characterized by an absolute insulin deficiency caused by T-cell-mediated autoimmune destruction of pancreatic β-cells . It is the predominant form of diabetes...
The purpose of this study is to collect information of the risk profile of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, their treatment concerning meeting the guidelines for treatment of diabet...
This is a randomized, two-arm, placebo-controlled phase-2 trial to determine whether the daily intake of 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], improves beta cell function in patients wi...
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of an investigational drug in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Ligand Pharmaceuticals Incorporated is developing LGD-6972, a novel, orally-bioavailable addition to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. ...
Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are prevalent all over the world. Obese patients with more visceral fat are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia and obs...
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and both coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes mellitus are associated with inf...
Although overweight/obesity is a major risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, there is increasing evidence that overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus experie...
Although diabetes mellitus is a well-researched systemic endocrinal disease, literature is scarce addressing the co-occurrence of oropharyngeal dysphagia with diabetes.
Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) are required to have long-term treatment regimen and strict self-management, which thus might lead to the Diabetes Distress (DD). Patients' DD varies in different ...
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A type of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by severe INSULIN RESISTANCE and LIPODYSTROPHY. The latter may be generalized, partial, acquired, or congenital (LIPODYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL GENERALIZED).
A life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, primarily of TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS with severe INSULIN deficiency and extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA. It is characterized by excessive LIPOLYSIS, oxidation of FATTY ACIDS, production of KETONE BODIES, a sweet smell to the breath (KETOSIS;) DEHYDRATION; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...