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Efficacy of Calcitriol in Recent Onset Type 1 Diabetes

2014-08-27 03:13:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Reduction in vitamin D levels has been reported in subjects with recent onset type 1 diabetes. Several studies suggest that vitamin D supplementation in early childhood decreases the risk of developing type 1 diabetes, therefore vitamin D deficiency might play a role in the disease pathogenesis. We investigated whether the supplementation of the active form of vitamin D (calcitriol) in subjects with recent-onset type 1 diabetes can protect residual beta cell function evaluated by C peptide and improve glycaemic control as evaluated by HbA1c and insulin requirement.

Thirty-four subjects (age range 11-35 years, median 18 years) with recent-onset type 1 diabetes (<12 weeks duration) and high basal C-peptide >0.25 nmol/l were randomized in a double-blind trial to calcitriol (the active form of vitamin D, 1.25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] ) at the dose of 0.25 ug/day or placebo, and followed up for 2 years.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1

Intervention

Calcitriol

Location

University Campus Bio Medico
Rome
Italy
00128

Status

Completed

Source

Campus Bio-Medico University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:48-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

A type of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by severe INSULIN RESISTANCE and LIPODYSTROPHY. The latter may be generalized, partial, acquired, or congenital (LIPODYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL GENERALIZED).

A life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, primarily of TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS with severe INSULIN deficiency and extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA. It is characterized by excessive LIPOLYSIS, oxidation of FATTY ACIDS, production of KETONE BODIES, a sweet smell to the breath (KETOSIS;) DEHYDRATION; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA.

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