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Reduction in vitamin D levels has been reported in subjects with recent onset type 1 diabetes. Several studies suggest that vitamin D supplementation in early childhood decreases the risk of developing type 1 diabetes, therefore vitamin D deficiency might play a role in the disease pathogenesis. We investigated whether the supplementation of the active form of vitamin D (calcitriol) in subjects with recent-onset type 1 diabetes can protect residual beta cell function evaluated by C peptide and improve glycaemic control as evaluated by HbA1c and insulin requirement.
Thirty-four subjects (age range 11-35 years, median 18 years) with recent-onset type 1 diabetes (<12 weeks duration) and high basal C-peptide >0.25 nmol/l were randomized in a double-blind trial to calcitriol (the active form of vitamin D, 1.25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] ) at the dose of 0.25 ug/day or placebo, and followed up for 2 years.
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
University Campus Bio Medico
Campus Bio-Medico University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:48-0400
Diabetes Mellitus type 1 is characterized by an absolute insulin deficiency caused by T-cell-mediated autoimmune destruction of pancreatic β-cells . It is the predominant form of diabetes...
The purpose of this study is to collect information of the risk profile of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, their treatment concerning meeting the guidelines for treatment of diabet...
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of an investigational drug in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Ligand Pharmaceuticals Incorporated is developing LGD-6972, a novel, orally-bioavailable addition to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. ...
This is a clinical study to determine the safety and efficacy of an investigational drug in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus has been an established risk factor for cognitive decline, which is recently recognized as a new type of diabetes-related complication. Although wide-range of cognitive domain...
The purpose of this study was to examine thiol-disulfide balance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
The association between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and specific cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is uncertain. Furthermore, data on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in relation to risk of aortic valv...
The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has increased in recent decades, as has the incidence of preterm births (
Transcriptomic studies reveal defective costimulation via PD-L1 to explain the autoreactive phenotype seen in type 1 diabetes mellitus.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A type of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by severe INSULIN RESISTANCE and LIPODYSTROPHY. The latter may be generalized, partial, acquired, or congenital (LIPODYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL GENERALIZED).
A life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, primarily of TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS with severe INSULIN deficiency and extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA. It is characterized by excessive LIPOLYSIS, oxidation of FATTY ACIDS, production of KETONE BODIES, a sweet smell to the breath (KETOSIS;) DEHYDRATION; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...