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Traumatic Brain Injury Among Homeless Veterans

2014-08-27 03:13:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Objectives include: 1) establishing a psychometrically sound traumatic brain injury (TBI) screening measure for use among homeless veterans; 2) identifying the prevalence of those that screen positive for TBI among homeless veterans seeking VA services; and 3) comparing psychiatric outcomes between those with and without a history of TBI.

Description

Short-term Objectives include:

1. Establishing the criterion-related validity of the Traumatic Brain Injury-4 (TBI-4) questionnaire in the Veteran homeless population using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method (OSU TBI-ID) (Corrigan et al., 2007) as the gold standard for establishing traumatic brain injury (TBI) diagnosis.

2. Identifying the prevalence of those that screen positive for a lifetime history of TBI among homeless Veterans.

3. Comparing psychiatric outcomes (psychiatric hospitalizations, suicide attempts and deaths, and clinical contacts) between those with and without a lifetime history of TBI.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Traumatic Brain Injury

Location

Department of Veterans Affairs, Eastern Colorado Health Care System
Denver
Colorado
United States
80220

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

VA Eastern Colorado Health Care System

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:48-0400

Clinical Trials [2043 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Multimodal Neurodiagnostic Imaging of Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the brains of persons with and without traumatic brain injury differ in a meaningful way when advanced technology images of the brain are ...

Amantadine and Temporal Discrimination in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

The study will explore the neurocognitive effect of four weeks of treatment with amantadine versus placebo in patients with traumatic brain injury using the Interval Bisection Timing Task....

PROphylaxis for Venous ThromboEmbolism in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (PROTEST)

This is a pilot study, phase III, multi-centre, double blind, randomized controlled trial of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Traumatic Brain Injury Feasibility Study (EPIC-011)

The purpose of this research study is to evaluate whether data made by the ClearView System can be used to detect whether someone has a traumatic brain injury and how severe the injury is.

Rapid Diagnostics for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Novel biomarkers of traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been discovered in laboratory animal models. The objective of this study is to find whether similar markers are detectable in the body...

PubMed Articles [11102 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Obesity and Overweight Problems Among Individuals 1 to 25 Years Following Acute Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury: A NIDILRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study.

Examine the prevalence of weight classifications and factors related to obesity/overweight among persons 1 to 25 years following traumatic brain injury (TBI) using the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Sys...

Longitudinal evaluation of ventricular volume changes associated with mild traumatic brain injury in military service members.

To investigate differences in longitudinal trajectories of ventricle-brain ratio (VBR), a general measure of brain atrophy, between Veterans with and without history of mild traumatic brain injury (mT...

Deficits in saccades and smooth-pursuit eye movements in adults with traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To conduct a review of literature and quantify the effect that traumatic brain injury (TBI) has on oculomotor functions (OM).

A Case Report of Aphonogelia following Recovery from Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.

During rehabilitation from a severe traumatic brain injury, a 16-year-old woman became aware that she had lost the ability to laugh out loud. This rare phenomenon has previously been described as "aph...

Traumatic brain injury: a platform for studies in Aβ processing: Commentary on: "Rapid Aβ oligomer and protofibril accumulation in traumatic brain injury".

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)

A form of acquired brain injury which occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.

Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.

Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)

Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.

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