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Traumatic Brain Injury Among Homeless Veterans

2014-08-27 03:13:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Objectives include: 1) establishing a psychometrically sound traumatic brain injury (TBI) screening measure for use among homeless veterans; 2) identifying the prevalence of those that screen positive for TBI among homeless veterans seeking VA services; and 3) comparing psychiatric outcomes between those with and without a history of TBI.

Description

Short-term Objectives include:

1. Establishing the criterion-related validity of the Traumatic Brain Injury-4 (TBI-4) questionnaire in the Veteran homeless population using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method (OSU TBI-ID) (Corrigan et al., 2007) as the gold standard for establishing traumatic brain injury (TBI) diagnosis.

2. Identifying the prevalence of those that screen positive for a lifetime history of TBI among homeless Veterans.

3. Comparing psychiatric outcomes (psychiatric hospitalizations, suicide attempts and deaths, and clinical contacts) between those with and without a lifetime history of TBI.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Traumatic Brain Injury

Location

Department of Veterans Affairs, Eastern Colorado Health Care System
Denver
Colorado
United States
80220

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

VA Eastern Colorado Health Care System

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:48-0400

Clinical Trials [1874 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Multimodal Neurodiagnostic Imaging of Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the brains of persons with and without traumatic brain injury differ in a meaningful way when advanced technology images of the brain are ...

Amantadine and Temporal Discrimination in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

The study will explore the neurocognitive effect of four weeks of treatment with amantadine versus placebo in patients with traumatic brain injury using the Interval Bisection Timing Task....

Traumatic Brain Injury Feasibility Study (EPIC-011)

The purpose of this research study is to evaluate whether data made by the ClearView System can be used to detect whether someone has a traumatic brain injury and how severe the injury is.

Rapid Diagnostics for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Novel biomarkers of traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been discovered in laboratory animal models. The objective of this study is to find whether similar markers are detectable in the body...

Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

The aim of the study is to measure the effect of Finnish physician-staffed EMS unit treatment methods on traumatic brain injury (TBI) patient prognosis.

PubMed Articles [10659 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Diffuse axonal injury after traumatic brain injury is a prognostic factor for functional outcome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To determine the prognosis of adult patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and diffuse axonal injury (DAI).

The Prognostic Value of MRI in Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Traumatic brain injury is a major cause of death and disability, yet many predictors of outcome are not precise enough to guide initial clinical decision-making. Although increasingly used in the earl...

Chronic Pain After Traumatic Brain Injury: Pathophysiology and Pain Mechanisms.

Traumatic brain injury refers to a broad range of neurological, cognitive, and emotional factors that result from the application of an external force to the head. Individuals recovering from traumati...

Procedural discourse performance in adults with severe traumatic brain injury at 3 and 6 months post injury.

There is limited research on communicative recovery during the early stages after a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adults.

Brain Oxygen Optimization in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Phase-II: A Phase II Randomized Trial.

A relationship between reduced brain tissue oxygenation and poor outcome following severe traumatic brain injury has been reported in observational studies. We designed a Phase II trial to assess whet...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)

A form of acquired brain injury which occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.

Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.

Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)

Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.

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