Advertisement

Topics

Patient Education Program for Osteoarthritis With Exercise Included

2014-08-27 03:13:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to investigate if inclusion of exercise in an education program for patients with osteoarthritis can improve self efficacy, self-perceived health and function.

Description

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease, considered to be one of the major national diseases that cause suffering for affected patients and costs for society.The predominant symptoms are pain, stiffness and impaired quality of life, often together with psychological distress. Treatment often consists of medication. Later in the disease, when the joint is destroyed, joint replacement surgery commonly occurs. Physical exercises aimed to increase muscle strength, endurance, proprioception and stability have proved to influence cartilage as well as function, symptoms and quality of life positively. Physical exercise may also reduce the need for hospital care after knee joint replacement.Research suggests that patient education is feasible and valuable in terms of improvements in quality of life, in function, in well-being and improved coping . Accordingly, guidelines recommend education and exercise as a core treatment for osteoarthritis.

Since 1994, Primary Health Care in Malmö has used a patient education programme directed towards OA.The program does not include exercise. In 2007-09 a study was made to investigate this education program.The study showed improvements in self-perceived health and in a few functional tests but not in self-efficacy.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Osteoarthritis

Intervention

Exercise in a group, Home exercise

Location

Primary Health Care
Malmö
Skåne
Sweden
205 02

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Lund University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:52-0400

Clinical Trials [4994 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Comparison Between Supervised Group Exercise and Home Exercise Program for Knee Osteoarthritis

Physical exercise is a widely recommended treatment modality for osteoarthritis, which can be performed through a supervised group exercise or a home exercise program. However, up to now o...

Impact of Exercise on Older Persons With Osteoarthritis

Previous studies have found that exercise can reduce pain, improve endurance for physical activities, and improve cardiovascular fitness over time. However, these studies have not looked a...

Exercise Intervention to Reduce Postural Instability in Osteoarthritis

This is a one year pilot study evaluating the feasibility of a 10 week, twice weekly, group functional exercise sessions in individuals with knee osteoarthritis and its effect on gait and ...

Exercise in Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Hip

According to Danish and international guidelines the recommended first-line of management for people with osteoarthritis consist of exercise, education, analgesic medication, and, if neces...

Chiropractic and Exercise for Seniors With Low Back Pain

The purpose of this randomized clincal trial is to assess the relative effectiveness of three conservative treatment approaches for seniors with chronic low back pain: 1) chiropractic manu...

PubMed Articles [10590 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Efficacy of a biomechanically-based yoga exercise program in knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial.

Certain exercises could overload the osteoarthritic knee. We developed an exercise program from yoga postures with a minimal knee adduction moment for knee osteoarthritis. The purpose was to compare t...

Effect of the 6-week home-based exercise program on physical activity level and physical fitness in colorectal cancer survivors: A randomized controlled pilot study.

Despite improvement in prognosis of colorectal cancer, colorectal cancer survivors often suffer from adverse effects of cancer treatment, including reduced health-related fitness level. Therefore, thi...

Subgrouping and TargetEd Exercise pRogrammes for knee and hip OsteoArthritis (STEER OA): a systematic review update and individual participant data meta-analysis protocol.

Knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Therapeutic exercise is a recommended core treatment for people with knee and hip OA, however, the observed effect sizes fo...

Supervised exercise therapy versus home-based exercise therapy versus walking advice for intermittent claudication.

Although supervised exercise therapy (SET) provides significant symptomatic benefit for patients with intermittent claudication (IC), it remains an underutilized tool. Widespread implementation of SET...

Gym-based exercise was more costly compared with home-based exercise with telephone support when used as maintenance programs for adults with chronic health conditions: cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomised trial.

What is the comparative cost-effectiveness of a gym-based maintenance exercise program versus a home-based maintenance program with telephone support for adults with chronic health conditions who have...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.

Tapering-off physical activity from vigorous to light, to gradually return the body to pre-exercise condition and metabolic state.

Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).

Alternating sets of exercise that work out different muscle groups and that also alternate between aerobic and anaerobic exercises, which, when combined together, offer an overall program to improve strength, stamina, balance, or functioning.

More From BioPortfolio on "Patient Education Program for Osteoarthritis With Exercise Included"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Arthritis
Arthritis is by definition the inflammation of one or more joints, characterized by swelling, pain, warmth, redness and diminished range of joint movement (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are many different types; Noninflammatory; Osteoarthritis, N...


Searches Linking to this Trial