Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Early Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in Neurological Patients

2014-07-23 21:09:18 | BioPortfolio


This study seeks to assess whether coma patients really benefit from the use of antibiotics as a prophylactic for reducing the incidence of early ventilator-associated pneumonia in this population group. For this we consider the use of ampicillin sulbactam antibiotic which has a low ability to induce resistance, efficacy and safety observed during the time that has been used, even in patients with neurosurgical pathology, and to be broadly available in our environment.

Our hypothesis is that neurological patients in coma state, requiring mechanical ventilation, the application of antibiotic prophylaxis compared with placebo reduces the incidence of early ventilator-associated pneumonia.


Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common nosocomial infections occur in intensive care units, with frequencies ranging between 15% and 45%, which determine an attributable mortality of 25% to 27%

Patients with compromised state of consciousness brought to mechanical ventilation, have a much higher reported incidence that patients without neurological involvement, reaches between 44 and 70%.

These data have led to plan the implementation of strategies to reduce the incidence of early pneumonia in this population group, to thereby favorably influence the high rates of mortality, morbidity and costs that arise.

Then we design this study to assess whether these patients really benefit from the use of antibiotics as a prophylactic, considering also the high impact that this would have given the high incidence of early ventilator-associated pneumonia in this population group.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention


Ventilator Associated Pneumonia


Sultamicillin, Physiologic Sodium Chloride Solution as placebo


Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe


Not yet recruiting


Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:18-0400

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