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This study seeks to assess whether coma patients really benefit from the use of antibiotics as a prophylactic for reducing the incidence of early ventilator-associated pneumonia in this population group. For this we consider the use of ampicillin sulbactam antibiotic which has a low ability to induce resistance, efficacy and safety observed during the time that has been used, even in patients with neurosurgical pathology, and to be broadly available in our environment.
Our hypothesis is that neurological patients in coma state, requiring mechanical ventilation, the application of antibiotic prophylaxis compared with placebo reduces the incidence of early ventilator-associated pneumonia.
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common nosocomial infections occur in intensive care units, with frequencies ranging between 15% and 45%, which determine an attributable mortality of 25% to 27%
Patients with compromised state of consciousness brought to mechanical ventilation, have a much higher reported incidence that patients without neurological involvement, reaches between 44 and 70%.
These data have led to plan the implementation of strategies to reduce the incidence of early pneumonia in this population group, to thereby favorably influence the high rates of mortality, morbidity and costs that arise.
Then we design this study to assess whether these patients really benefit from the use of antibiotics as a prophylactic, considering also the high impact that this would have given the high incidence of early ventilator-associated pneumonia in this population group.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia
Sultamicillin, Physiologic Sodium Chloride Solution as placebo
Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe
Not yet recruiting
Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:18-0400
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Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
A subclass of symporters that specifically transport SODIUM CHLORIDE and POTASSIUM CHLORIDE across cellular membranes in a tightly coupled process.
Agents that inhibit SODIUM CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS. They act as DIURETICS. Excess use is associated with HYPOKALEMIA.
Sodium chloride used in foods.
Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
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