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Component Analysis of Motivational Interviewing

2014-08-27 03:13:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the critical components of motivational interviewing (MI), a psychotherapeutic intervention, in reducing heavy or problematic drinking. The study will disaggregate MI into its component parts and test full MI compared to MI without its directive strategies. This study will test whether the directive elements of MI are critical or whether MI effects may be attributable solely to its Rogerian, non-directive components.

Description

Motivational interviewing (MI) has been demonstrated to be an effective intervention for alcohol use disorders (AUD). The consistency, magnitude, and durability of its effects suggest powerful mechanisms of behavior change (MOBC) operate to reduce drinking. A better understanding of the MOBC in MI is therefore important. Existing MOBC studies of MI have yielded limited and contradictory findings. This project proposes to conduct a small pilot study to disaggregate MI into its component parts and test full MI compared to MI without its directive strategies. This test will compare whether the directive elements of MI (Full MI (FMI)) are critical or whether MI effects may be attributable solely to its Rogerian, non-directive components (aka, Spirit Only MI (SOMI)). In addition, we will test whether hypothesized main effects of FMI are mediated via increases in commitment to reduce drinking early in treatment. Further, we will examine whether non-specific therapy factors alone (SOMI) significantly reduce drinking when compared to a Feedback Followed by Counseling condition (FFC) that controls for non-therapy factors and incorporates assessment and self-monitoring. We will also test whether SOMI's main effects are mediated by increases in mood and greater belief in the ability to change, as hypothesized by various theories. Our work on MOBC for MI will take place in the context of studying brief stand-alone treatments for individuals with primary AUD who seek to reduce but not stop drinking. We will recruit 90 individuals with AUD, seeking treatment; collect daily process data during a pre-treatment week; and then assess and randomly assign them to 3 conditions: FMI, SOMI, and FFC. All participants will be followed for 9 weeks using daily Interactive Voice Recording (IVR) and in-laboratory assessments at weeks 0, 1, 4 and 8. Those in treatment conditions will receive 4 sessions of treatment at weeks 1, 2, 4, and 8. FFC will receive treatment after completing the 8 week assessment period. Participants in FMI and SOMI will be followed for an additional 4 weeks post-treatment (week 12).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Alcohol Dependence

Intervention

Motivational Interviewing

Location

Columbia Addiction Services and Psychotherapy Intervention Research
New York
New York
United States
10019

Status

Completed

Source

Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:55-0400

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It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.

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