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- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) are types of cancers in which there are too many abnormal lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). Monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) is a condition in which the individual has a larger than normal number of lymphocytes. Individuals with CLL, SLL, MBL, and MCL may survive for many years without the need for treatment, but there is an apparent correlation between cell birth rates and disease activity. By studying the birth and death rates of lymphocytes, researchers hope to identify individuals who are at risk for worsening disease.
- Heavy water is similar in structure to regular water, but it has two deuterium atoms instead of two hydrogen atoms. Deuterium has one more neutron than hydrogen, which is what makes heavy water heavy. Heavy water is not radioactive, looks and tastes like regular water, and has no known harmful effects at research-level doses. When a small amount of heavy water is consumed daily, newly produced blood cells are labeled (tagged), which allows researchers to track cell growth and to measure the birth and death rates of CLL, SLL, MBL, MCL or normal lymphocytes.
- To study the birth and death rates of lymphocytes from individuals with MBL, CLL/SLL, and MCL, compared with lymphocytes from healthy volunteers.
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have been diagnosed with MBL, CLL, SLL, or MCL, but who have not been taking certain agents (Viagra, Levitra, Cialis, or other PDE-inhibitors, prednisone, cyclosporin-A, rapamycin, or other immunosuppressive agents, more than 2 cups of green tea daily, or Celebrex) for 4 weeks prior to enrollment in the study.
- Healthy volunteers at least 18 years of age, but who have not been taking certain agents (Viagra, Levitra, Cialis, or other PDE-inhibitors, prednisone, cyclosporin-A, rapamycin, or other immunosuppressive agents, more than 2 cups of green tea daily, or Celebrex)for 4 weeks prior to enrollment in the study.
- Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical examination, and initial blood tests. Other tests may be administered to the individuals with cancer, as required by the study researchers.
- All participants will drink regular doses of heavy water daily for a total of 4 weeks (labeling period). There is an optional 6-month follow-up or wash-out period during which no additional heavy water will be consumed.
- Blood samples will be collected weekly during the labeling period, and a bone marrow biopsy will be obtained where possible. Individuals with cancer may also have a lymph node biopsy during this part of the study.
- Additional blood samples may be collected during the optional wash-out phase of the study to determine the rate at which cancer cells disappear.
- Treatment is not provided as part of this protocol.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and its lymphoma variant, small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) were for decades considered diseases caused by the progressive accumulation of abnormal lymphocytes. The prevailing view being that CLL and SLL disease processes were driven by an underlying defect in apoptosis. While resistance to apoptosis appears to be important in the CLL and SLL disease process, recent studies suggest that cellular proliferation is more important than previously realized.
Cells from individuals with CLL who drank deuterated water (heavy water) for 6 weeks showed a turnover rate of 0.1 % to 1.1 % per day. In a second study involving CLL subjects who drank heavy water, average CLL turnover rates were in a similar range but approximately 2-fold lower than average B-cell turnover rates from healthy individuals. These studies have shown the safety and scientific value of using heavy water to study the kinetics of cell proliferation in patients and normal volunteers.
We now propose this study to expand on findings by other investigators. This study will address the site of proliferation for CLL/SLL cells and will include individuals with monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL), a possible precursor of CLL. Furthermore, we will include patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), a disease in which tumor proliferation plays an important role.
Study participants will drink heavy water daily for a total of 4 weeks (labeling period) with an optional 6 months follow up ( wash out period). Blood samples will be obtained weekly during the labeling period. A bone marrow and/or lymph node biopsy will be obtained where possible during the labeling period. Additional blood draws may be obtained during the optional wash-out phase of the study to determine the rate at which tumor cells disappear.
The primary objective of this exploratory study is to obtain an estimate of the proliferation rate of tumor cells in individuals with MBL, CLL/SLL, and MCL. Secondary objectives include the comparison of proliferation rates between different anatomic compartments, specifically peripheral blood, lymph node, and bone marrow and the estimation of the attrition or disappearance rate of cells during an optional phase of the protocol. Healthy volunteers may be included for comparison.
The primary endpoint is the estimate of the cell proliferation rate of tumor cells in individuals with MBL, CLL/SLL, and MCL.
Secondary endpoints include: Proliferation rate in tissue compared to blood, disappearance rate of labeled cells from the blood and tissue, and the safety profile of heavy water in the study population.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Monoclonal B-Cell Lymphocytosis
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:58-0400
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Conditions characterized by the presence of M protein (Monoclonal protein) in serum or urine without clinical manifestations of plasma cell dyscrasia.
A lymphoid leukemia characterized by a profound LYMPHOCYTOSIS with or without LYMPHADENOPATHY, hepatosplenomegaly, frequently rapid progression, and short survival. It was formerly called T-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
A group of disorders resulting from the abnormal proliferation of and tissue infiltration by LANGERHANS CELLS which can be detected by their characteristic Birbeck granules (X bodies), or by monoclonal antibody staining for their surface CD1 ANTIGENS. Langerhans-cell granulomatosis can involve a single organ, or can be a systemic disorder.
Excess of normal lymphocytes in the blood or in any effusion.
A malignancy of mature PLASMA CELLS engaging in monoclonal immunoglobulin production. It is characterized by hyperglobulinemia, excess Bence-Jones proteins (free monoclonal IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAINS) in the urine, skeletal destruction, bone pain, and fractures. Other features include ANEMIA; HYPERCALCEMIA; and RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.