Nutrition and Physical Activity for Obesity

2014-08-27 03:13:58 | BioPortfolio


At the present time, scientific consensus exists on obesity multifactorial etiopatogenia. As well, professionals and researchers agree that the treatment must approach several scopes, such as dietetic, physical activity, pharmacologic and surgical. These two last ones should not be the first election and must be reserved for those cases of morbid obesities or in case the previous ones have failed. The combination of diet and exercise is still not sufficiently studied, in special, the addition of strength training, as we propose in this project, for which established intervention protocols do not exist, and that could suppose an additional benefit in the reduction of risk factors.

Therefore, the objectives that we aim in this project are enumerated below:

- To discover which are the most effective training protocols and to determine what type of exercise combined with nutrition is more appropriate for obesity intervention programs.

- To establish the relationship between markers related with cardiovascular risk (adopokines and lipid profile) and the different intervention protocols proposed.

- To describe the influence of nine genetic polymorphisms (selected by their relationship with the energy expense and the physical yield) on the effect of different training protocols.

- To determine how important is body composition (fat mass and muscle mass mainly) in total daily energy expenditure.

- To establish rules of nutritional and exercise intervention that can be applied in public and private training centers. If the proposed objectives are fulfilled, this would contribute to an improvement in patients health in long term, along with an enormous saving in public health. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to propose new lines of intervention in overweight and obese adults that, until now, little have been investigated. This way, resistance training is proposed in combination with cardiovascular training and endocrinologic treatment. It fits to emphasize that, as far as we know, it is the first project of these characteristics, that puts in touch the public and private sector (hospitals, universities and fitness area), to establish standardized relations protocols to allow a close pursuit of obese patients.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention






Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte


Active, not recruiting


Universidad Politecnica de Madrid

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:13:58-0400

Clinical Trials [2268 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Re-Energize With Nutrition, Exercise and Weight Loss

The purpose of this project is to establish a Center of Excellence in Research on Obesity that will focus on severe obesity. The prevalence of severe obesity (i.e., Class 2 and 3 obesity;...

Effects of Exercise Modality on Abdominal Obesity and Health Risk Factors in Older Men and Women

The prevalence of abdominal obesity in the elderly is increasing at alarming rates and thus, requires immediate attention. By comparison to younger adults, obesity reduction in the elderl...

Effects of Exercise on Cardiac Fat in Women With Obesity: a Pilot Study

Excessive cardiac fat accumulation have been recognized to be associate to increased cardiac and metabolic risk. The aim of this study the effects of exercise in cardiac fat content, cardi...

Training Interventions and Genetics of Exercise Response (TIGER)

Obesity established in adolescence strongly predicts obesity for the remainder of adult life, and the consequences are potentially devastating, characterized by a lifelong burden of co-mor...

Sleep, Exercise and Insulin Sensitivity

Insufficient or disrupted sleep, lack of physical activity and poor diet are linked with obesity and are now potential targets to combat obesity. Sleep related issues have become more impo...

PubMed Articles [4268 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of obesity and exercise on colon cancer induction and hematopoiesis in mice.

Obesity-induced inflammation associated with increased risk for colorectal cancer (CRC). The role of diet and exercise in modulating increased CRC risk in obesity, and the potential role of altered he...

Weight bias among exercise and nutrition professionals: a systematic review.

Obesity affects approximately one-third of American adults. Recent evidence suggests that weight bias may be pervasive among both exercise and nutrition professionals working with adults who have obes...

Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity.

Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 wit...

Separate Effects of Exercise Amount and Intensity on Adipose Tissue and Skeletal Muscle Mass in Adults with Abdominal Obesity.

To determine the effects of exercise amount (kilocalories per session) and intensity (percent of maximal oxygen consumption [% VO peak]) on adipose tissue (AT) and skeletal muscle (SM) in adults with ...

Effects of audiovisual stimuli on psychological and psychophysiological responses during exercise in adults with obesity.

The present experiment sought to further understanding of the effects of personalised audiovisual stimuli on psychological and psychophysiological responses during exercise in adults with obesity. Twe...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.

Activities related to WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with OBESITY. Treatment methods include DIET; EXERCISE; BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION; medications; and BARIATRIC SURGERY.

A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.

Tapering-off physical activity from vigorous to light, to gradually return the body to pre-exercise condition and metabolic state.

More From BioPortfolio on "Nutrition and Physical Activity for Obesity"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...

Surgical treatments
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Searches Linking to this Trial