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The aim of this study is to describe and compare the percentage of patients infected by HIV-1 to maintain a complete virology suppression at the CSF (CSF CV 1 copy / mL) in patients with CV <50 copies / mL and treated with stable antiretroviral therapy for at least 144 weeks with LPV / r monotherapy vs LPV / r + FTC / TDF.
Combinations of antiretroviral for the management of HIV infection recommended by the main treatment guidelines include a combination of two nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase (NRTI) with a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase (NNRTI) or an inhibitor protease (IP) .1 However, NRTIs can inhibit mitochondrial DNA gamma polymerase, causing mitochondrial dysfunction, which in turn can result in related adverse effects such as peripheral neuropathy, pancreatitis, hepatitis, abnormal lipid profile or lipodystrophy. Therefore, it is advisable to design and search for therapeutic strategies to avoid prolonged exposure to NRTIs and their adverse events.
IP monotherapy as a strategy of simplification, after an induction period with standard triple therapy may be useful to minimize the risk of mitochondrial toxicity by NRTIs. Additionally, this strategy may be useful to improve treatment adherence, reduce costs and preserve future treatment options. In this sense, monotherapy with lopinavir / ritonavir (LPV / r) can be an effective option for the treatment of HIV-1 as a simplification strategy in routine clinical practice.3 OK04 study showed that in patients with sustained viral suppression simplified to monotherapy with LPV / r, rates of viral load <50 copies / mL were similar to that patients continuing on standard triple therapy.4, 5 However, the virological efficacy of this strategy in the CSF compartments has been questioned by some authors. Like most protease inhibitors, lopinavir has a poor penetration in CSF. Thus, despite the concentration of lopinavir in CSF usually exceed the inhibitory concentration (IC50) of wild strains of HIV, it is possible that some patients may present lopinavir concentrations insufficient to achieve sustained suppression of viral replication in that compartment. In this sense, according to results from a recent study, up to 10% of patients treated with lopinavir / ritonavir monotherapy may present detectable levels of viral load in CSF while maintaining a CV <50 copies / mL in plasma.9
On the other hand, about half of patients on antiretroviral therapy (HAART), despite achieving virologic control and the treatment is performed properly, have been neurocognitive dysfunction.10 This has been associated with multiple risk factors, including the presence of HIV in CSF.11 In fact, even though achieving undetectable viral load in plasma, up to 40% of patients on HAART show presence of virus in CSF.12 This also has been associated with a worse neurocognitive functioning. Therefore, the maximum control of viral replication is shown as a priority for the improvement of CNS dysfunction.
Based on the above, the objective of this study is to explore and evaluate the virological efficacy and safety at long-term neurocognitive level (> 144 weeks) of monotherapy with lopinavir / ritonavir as a strategy to simplify antiretroviral therapy in patients infected by HIV.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Lumbar puncture, Lumbar puncture
Germans Trias i Pujol Hospital
Not yet recruiting
Germans Trias i Pujol Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:05:52-0400
The study is carried out in a prospectively randomly controlled way. In the context of acknowledgement and understanding from parents, by comparing with traditional process (lying without ...
The study is carried out in a prospectively randomly controlled way. In the context of acknowledgement and understanding from parents, by comparing with traditional process(no anesthesia),...
This study explores lumbar puncture operators stress associated with their performance of the procedure, across three experience levels: Experts, Intermediates, and Novices. The study wil...
Our study will be designed to answer the question, "Is an ultrasound-guided approach to performing lumbar punctures more safe, efficacious, or efficient than the traditional landmark-guide...
Lumbar punctures are implemented for the diagnosis of patients with hematologic symptoms as well as for the intrathecal chemotherapy injections. Post lumbar puncture headache is a common c...
Atraumatic needles have been proposed to lower complication rates after lumbar puncture. However, several surveys indicate that clinical adoption of these needles remains poor. We did a systematic rev...
Leptomeningeal disease is a feared sequelae of malignant paediatric brain tumours. Current methods for its detection is the combined use of cranio-spinal MRI, and CSF cytology from a post-operative lu...
- Lumbar puncture (LP) is still an important modality in the diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Rapid and correct fluid analysis can provide patients with a better prognosis by appropriate in...
To evaluate the learnability and feasibility of a new technique comprising a needle-guidance-system (NGS) for ultrasound-assisted lumbar puncture.
A secondary headache disorder attributed to low CEREBROSPINAL FLUID pressure caused by SPINAL PUNCTURE, usually after dural or lumbar puncture.
Tapping of the subarachnoid space in the lumbar region, usually between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae.
Manometric pressure of the CEREBROSPINAL FLUID as measured by lumbar, cerebroventricular, or cisternal puncture. Within the cranial cavity it is called INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE.
The injection of autologous blood into the epidural space either as a prophylactic treatment immediately following an epidural puncture or for treatment of headache as a result of an epidural puncture.
Inflammation of an intervertebral disk or disk space which may lead to disk erosion. Until recently, discitis has been defined as a nonbacterial inflammation and has been attributed to aseptic processes (e.g., chemical reaction to an injected substance). However, recent studies provide evidence that infection may be the initial cause, but perhaps not the promoter, of most cases of discitis. Discitis has been diagnosed in patients following discography, myelography, lumbar puncture, paravertebral injection, and obstetrical epidural anesthesia. Discitis following chemonucleolysis (especially with chymopapain) is attributed to chemical reaction by some and to introduction of microorganisms by others.
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...