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A program of motivational interviewing plus enhanced community services in prevention of early childhood caries vs. enhanced community services alone for American Indian mothers and their children will reduce the childrens' decayed, missing, and filled tooth surfaces measure over a 3-year period.
This is a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Six hundred mothers and their children will be randomized over a 2-year period to motivational interviewing (MI) plus enhanced community services vs. enhanced community services alone in equal numbers in the 2 groups. The MI sessions will involve home visits concentrating on the mitigation of behavioral risk factors for early childhood caries (ECC), shortly after childbirth and at 6, 12, and 18 months. The enhanced community services will involve development of culturally appropriate messages related to the mitigation of risk factors for ECC through public announcements and simple brochures. The primary outcome measure will be decayed, missing, and filled tooth surfaces (dmfs) of the children at ages 1, 2, and 3. Secondary outcomes will include mother's dental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors, caries patterns, and costs.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Early Childhood Dental Caries
Motivational interviewing, Enhanced community services
Not yet recruiting
University of Colorado, Denver
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:20-0400
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It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.
Total pharmaceutical services provided to the public through community pharmacies.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....