Advertisement

Topics

Promoting Behavioral Change for Oral Health in American Indian Mothers and Children

2014-07-23 21:09:20 | BioPortfolio

Summary

A program of motivational interviewing plus enhanced community services in prevention of early childhood caries vs. enhanced community services alone for American Indian mothers and their children will reduce the childrens' decayed, missing, and filled tooth surfaces measure over a 3-year period.

Description

This is a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Six hundred mothers and their children will be randomized over a 2-year period to motivational interviewing (MI) plus enhanced community services vs. enhanced community services alone in equal numbers in the 2 groups. The MI sessions will involve home visits concentrating on the mitigation of behavioral risk factors for early childhood caries (ECC), shortly after childbirth and at 6, 12, and 18 months. The enhanced community services will involve development of culturally appropriate messages related to the mitigation of risk factors for ECC through public announcements and simple brochures. The primary outcome measure will be decayed, missing, and filled tooth surfaces (dmfs) of the children at ages 1, 2, and 3. Secondary outcomes will include mother's dental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors, caries patterns, and costs.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Early Childhood Dental Caries

Intervention

Motivational interviewing, Enhanced community services

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Colorado, Denver

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:20-0400

Clinical Trials [2311 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Community-based Intergenerational Oral Health Study

The purpose of this study is to determine whether giving brief motivational interviewing counseling during the prenatal and/or postnatal period(s) will increase utilization of preventive d...

Peer MI in FQHCs for Substance-using Emerging Adults

The main purpose of this study is to test whether a Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing (PMI) intervention, which has been successful with college students, results in superior alcohol...

Peer MI for Substance-using Emerging Adults

The main purpose of this project is to test whether Peer-Enhanced Motivational Interviewing (PMI) results in superior alcohol and marijuana use outcomes for emerging adults (EAs, ages 18-2...

Pathways to Vocational Rehabilitation: Enhancing Entry and Retention

This study will examine the barriers and supports for entering and receiving work-related services for veterans with a serious mental illness. It will also determine the effectiveness of a...

Motivational Interview in Adolescents With Poorly Controlled Type 1 Diabetes

This study investigates the effect of motivational interviewing and intensive education on HbA1c values and glucose variability in poorly controlled adolescent T1D patients. In the presen...

PubMed Articles [16732 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Motivational Interviewing in Preventing Early Childhood Caries in Primary Healthcare: A Community-based Randomized Cluster Trial.

To assess the effectiveness of motivational interviewing in preventing early childhood caries compared with conventional oral health education.

An Evaluation of Motivational Interviewing for Increasing Hearing Aid Use: A Pilot Study.

Motivational interviewing (MI) has been used in consultation settings to motivate hearing aid users to increase hearing aid usage. However, the effect of MI on those who use their hearing aids only ra...

Identification of dropout predictors to a community-based physical activity programme that uses motivational interviewing.

Participant dropout reduces intervention effectiveness. Predicting dropout has been investigated for Exercise Referral Schemes, but not physical activity (PA) interventions with Motivational Interview...

Results of a two year dental health education program to reduce dental caries in young Aboriginal children in New South Wales, Australia.

To assess the effectiveness of a dental health education program, 'Smiles not Tears' in preventing Early Childhood Caries in young Aboriginal children.

The effectiveness of consultation for clinicians learning to deliver motivational interviewing with fidelity.

Despite the emerging literature documenting gains in clinician competence following consultation, little empirical work has examined consultation as an implementation strategy. To this end, the presen...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.

Total pharmaceutical services provided to the public through community pharmacies.

The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.

The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)

Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.

More From BioPortfolio on "Promoting Behavioral Change for Oral Health in American Indian Mothers and Children"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Clincial Trials
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...

Dentistry
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....


Searches Linking to this Trial