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In this study we will evaluate whether the addition of a formal lower extremity resistance exercise training program and/or a nutritional supplement will improve the functional recovery of older adult veterans participating in a geriatric rehabilitation program for deconditioning. Specifically, subjects admitted to a geriatric inpatient rehabilitation program with a diagnosis of deconditioning will be randomly assigned to one of four groups; 1) Control/standard rehabilitation program, 2) Standard rehabilitation plus resistance exercise twice per week, 3) Standard rehabilitation plus a daily nutritional supplement, 4) Standard rehabilitation plus the resistance exercise and the nutritional supplement. Subjects will participate in each program for 12 weeks. At the beginning and end of the study we will measure lower extremity strength, walking speed, and overall function (using the standardized Functional Independence Measure), and compare the changes in each group.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Resistance exercise, Essential amino acid supplement
Central Arkansas VHS Eugene J. Towbin Healthcare Ctr, Little Rock
No. Little Rock
Not yet recruiting
Department of Veterans Affairs
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:21-0400
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A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.
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A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.
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