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Efficacy of the Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Acute Gangrenous Appendicitis

2014-07-23 21:09:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

A prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at the Hospital Universitario de Santander to test the effectiveness of providing a single 1-dose therapy of antibiotic prophylaxis versus a 5-day antibiotic therapy in patients with acute gangrenous appendicitis.

Description

Introduction: For patients with acute gangrenous appendicitis, it is common to provide antibiotics during 5-7 days in order to reduce the incidence of infection of the surgical wound; however the benefit of such treatment has not been tested. A prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at the Hospital Universitario de Santander to test the effectiveness of providing a single 1-dose therapy of antibiotic prophylaxis versus a 5-day antibiotic therapy in patients with acute gangrenous appendicitis.

Materials and Methods: From December 2007 to November 2009, 799 patients went through surgery after being diagnosed with acute appendicitis. Out of this set, 150 patients diagnosed with acute gangrenous appendicitis, were randomly assigned to one of two groups: control group (group A: 72 patients received a 5-day antibiotic therapy), and treatment group (group B: 78 patients received a single 1-dose of antibiotic prophylaxis). The experimental outcomes included: the incidence of infection of the surgical wound, the length of the hospital stay, and the adverse effects derived from a prolonged use of antibiotics.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Gangrenous Appendicitis

Intervention

prophylaxis, therapy

Location

Hospital Universitario de Santander
Bucaramanga
Santander
Colombia
097

Status

Completed

Source

Universidad Industrial de Santander

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.

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