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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the time needed to raise the oxygen concentration in patient's blood to 90% and his/or her body mass index. The prevalence of obesity in our society continues to rise. No studies have shown the time required for preoxygenation (oxygen given) in relation to body mass index (body weight in kg/height in meter2).
100% oxygen given to patient before induction of anesthesia (asleep) is the standard clinical care. However, studies using various methods have shown differences in terms of the optimal time, technique and number of breaths needed for efficient oxygenation. The only difference to the standard pre-anesthesia care is that we will record the time to raise patient oxygen to 90%. Age is recorded to ensure that the subjects fall within our inclusion criteria. The weight (W) in kilograms and height (H) in meters will be used to calculate the body mass index (BMI): BMI = W/H2. Alveolar oxygen uptake is dependent on respiratory rate, heart rate, blood pressure, temperature and hemoglobin level. These parameters are measured in order to identify factors that may affect the accuracy of the study. We will record the pulse oximetry value to note the initial oxygen saturation on room air and after the oxygenation.
Facial hair and mask fit are recorded to assess possible failure of an optimal facemask seal. End-tidal carbon dioxide (FE'CO2) is also measured to ensure an adequate facemask seal. Anxiety can increase the respiratory rate, heart rate and affect patient compliance with a fitted facemask. All of the aforementioned values are recorded to assess reasons for possible failure of the preoxygenation technique and inaccurate results.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:01-0400
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Sustaining BODY WEIGHT after BODY WEIGHT CHANGES have been achieved.
Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
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Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...