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Early Response-adapted Intensification of Induction Chemotherapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma (MM)

2014-08-27 03:14:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In this study, the investigators will analyze the long-term outcomes of remission and survival, and identify those with primary resistant disease as more likely to benefit from CTD (thalidomide, cyclophosphamide, dexamethasone) and early intensification of Vel-CD (bortezomib and CD) as induction chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation for the patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.

Description

This study aims to assess the efficacy and toxicities of CTD and Vel-CD induction followed by high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell transplantation as a first line treatment for the patients with multiple myeloma.The investigators already investigated the thalidomide-based chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed MM. The combined regimen consisted of cyclophosphamide, thalidomide and dexamethasone (CTD) for induction treatment. CTD chemotherapy resulted in a favorable response with 79.4% overall response rate including 42.6% complete response (CR) or very good partial complete response (VGPR), and tolerable toxicity in MM patients. Moreover, CTD chemotherapy did not affect the yield of the stem cell collection.The investigators also published that the clinical efficacy and safety of a four-drug combination of bortezomib, cyclophosphamide, thalidomide, and dexamethasone was assessed for patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma Vel-CTD chemotherapy.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Myeloma

Intervention

Thalidomide, cyclophosphamide, dexamethasone, bortezomib

Location

Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital
Hwasun-gun
Jeollanam-do
Korea, Republic of
519-809

Status

Recruiting

Source

Chonnam National University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:05-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pyrazine and boronic acid derivative that functions as a reversible PROTEASOME INHIBITOR. It is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT in the treatment of MULTIPLE MYELOMA and MANTLE CELL LYMPHOMA.

A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.

Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A piperidinyl isoindole originally introduced as a non-barbiturate hypnotic, but withdrawn from the market due to teratogenic effects. It has been reintroduced and used for a number of immunological and inflammatory disorders. Thalidomide displays immunosuppresive and anti-angiogenic activity. It inhibits release of TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA from monocytes, and modulates other cytokine action.

Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.

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