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Prospective Aerobic Reconditioning Intervention Study

2014-08-27 03:14:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is :

- To determine if aerobic exercise conditioning can improve symptoms, cardiovascular function and quality of life in elderly patients with congestive heart failure.

- To describe the baseline clinical characteristics, cardiovascular function and neurohumoral function in elderly patients with congestive heart failure.

- To determine the specific cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mechanisms by which symptoms and quality of life may improve following exercise conditioning in elderly patients with congestive heart failure.

Description

In patients over age 65, cardiovascular disease accounts for the largest percentage of deaths, hospital days, doctor visits, and overall health care expenditures. In addition, heart failure is the most common discharge diagnosis in the elderly. Heart failure can be defined as a state in which cardiac output is insufficient to meet metabolic demands. This is most frequently manifested by symptoms of fatigue and dyspnea. Inherent in this definition is that symptoms may be increased or only occur during times when metabolic demand is increased, such as during exercise. As such, exercise intolerance is a hallmark of the heart failure syndrome. Exercise intolerance correlates not only with disease severity and also with subsequent mortality. Exercise tolerance can be objectively quantified during maximal symptom limited standardized exercise protocols by analysis of exercise time, workload, METS (metabolic equivalents), and oxygen consumption (V02)' These measures have appropriately become accepted as standards for functional assessment in this disorder as well as outcome measures following therapeutic interventions in HF. P.A.R.I.S. is a randomized, attention-controlled, single-blind trial of supervised aerobic exercise training in older patients with heart failure. The primary outcome is exercise capacity and the main secondary outcome is quality of life.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Heart Failure

Intervention

Exercise, Control

Location

Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston Salem
North Carolina
United States
27157

Status

Completed

Source

Wake Forest University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:05-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

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A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.

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