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The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of cranioplasty on cerebral hemodynamic and blood flow as prognostic factor in patients receiving decompressive craniectomy for Head injuries, Subarachnoid haemorrhage, intra-cerebral haemorrhage, cerebral dural sinus thrombosis, malignant middle cerebral artery stroke.
Background: The decompressive craniectomy has recently experienced a renewed interest in the international neurosurgical community: the number of patients receiving decompressive craniectomy has remarkably increased over last decades. Nowadays the most widely recognized indications for cranioplasty is aesthetic reconstruction and protection of brain against external injuries; it is usually performed several months after the craniectomy. Unexpected improvements of patients neurological status were noted but this phenomenon remains unexplained. This could be due to the reduction of local cerebral compression caused by atmospheric pressure, to improved cerebrospinal fluid hydrodynamics and possibly to the improvement of local and global cerebral hemodynamics, blood flow and metabolism. Main objective: To evaluate changes in local and global cerebral hemodynamics and blood flow before and after skull bone reconstruction. Patients and Methods: Pilot observational study on 20 patients. Inclusion criteria: Patient over 18 and up to 65 years who underwent decompressive craniectomy after severe head injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, venous sinus thrombosis with hemorrhage / malignant edema and malignant middle cerebral artery stroke requiring of course reconstructive cranioplasty. Exclusion criteria: Patient not affiliated to the French NHS, pregnant and/or nursing women, patients being allergic to CT scan contrast products. Study Protocol: The patient who received a craniectomy is included in the study and an information notice given to him. All patients are evaluated by GOS (Glasgow Outcome Score) and neurocognitive tests by FAB (frontal assessment battery) and MMSE (mini mental state examination) scores 1 week prior and 6 and 24 weeks post cranioplasty. Furthermore, hemodynamic monitoring is performed by CT perfusion scan (with quantitative assessment of global and local cerebral flow) 1 week prior and 6 weeks post cranioplasty, as well as by trans-cranial Doppler 1 week prior and 6 and 24 weeks post cranioplasty. Expected Benefits: Better knowledge of local and global hemodynamic changes in patients after cranioplasty, its possible impact on neurological outcome and as a prognostic factor. Duration of the inclusion period: 1 year Duration of patient participation: 25 weeks (approximately 6 months) Total duration of the study: 1 year and 25 weeks (about 1 and ½ year) Number of patients: 20 Main endpoints: Evaluation of local and global cerebral hemodynamics and blood flow 6 weeks post cranioplasty by CT perfusion scan and trans-cranial Doppler. Secondary endpoints: - Evaluation of neurological and cognitive performances by GOS, FAB and MMSE scores 1 week prior and 6 and 24 weeks post cranioplasty. - Evaluation of local and global cerebral hemodynamics and blood flow by transcranial Doppler 24 weeks post cranioplasty. Statistical analysis: This is a pilot study whose size was determined on the basis of its feasibility (one year). Besides its own interest, this study will clarify the conditions for a future comparative study comparing different strategies of cranioplasty.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Cerebral perfusion evaluation
Service de Neurochirurgie - LARIBOISIERE
Not yet recruiting
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:05-0400
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