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Hypothesis- Omalizumab(humanized monoclonal anti-IgE antibody)improves disease control and reduces bronchial mucosal inflammation in non-atopic asthma.
In order to test the above hypothesis, the investigators propose a placebo controlled, double blind, parallel group study to obtain proof of principle that omalizumab exerts beneficial effects on disease control in non-atopic severe adult asthmatics aged 18-60 years . Forty patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive omalizumab or matching placebo. Following 12 weeks of treatment with omalizumab/placebo, and as this treatment is continued for a further 8 weeks, anti-asthma treatment will be reduced. Dosages will be administered at 4 or 2 weekly intervals over a 16 week period (5 or 10 doses in total), which corresponds with the time stated as necessary to judge efficacy of therapy according to omalizumab's licensed indications in atopic asthma. Efficacy will be judged by clinical monitoring and by bronchial biopsy to assess effects on bronchial inflammation and local IgE production.
The primary aim of the study is to obtain proof of principle that omalizumab therapy maintains lung function, symptom control and quality of life in a group of non-atopic, moderate/severe asthmatics whose regular anti-asthma therapy is uniformised and reduced for an 8 week period following omalizumab/placebo therapy while the latter therapy is continued.
A secondary aim is to see whether omalizumab, as compared with placebo therapy reduces bronchial inflammation and local IgE production in the bronchial mucosa of this same group of asthmatics.
Clinical outcome measures
The omalizumab and placebo treated groups will be compared for changes in the following clinical outcomes (for repeated measurements such as daily peak flow and symptoms the mean values of the first and last 10 days of the relevant study period will be compared).
1. prior to reduction of existing anti-asthma therapy (first 12 weeks of study):
- Pre-bronchodilator FEV1 (primary outcome measure)
- Morning and evening peak expiratory flow
- Exhaled nitric oxide
- Day and night time symptom scores
- Total dosages of rescue beta2-agonist
- Total symptom free days
- Validated asthma Quality of Life scores
2. during anti-asthma therapy reduction phase (subsequent 8 weeks of study):
- The primary outcome measure will be disease exacerbation, defined as a need for rescue oral corticosteroid medication for worsening of symptoms and/or deterioration in lung function, as agreed between the patient and the study physician
- Secondary outcome measures will include all those measurements listed in section (a) above, unless they cannot be measured because of disease exacerbation (the primary outcome measure)
Laboratory outcome measures
These will arise from immunological, immunohistochemical and molecular analysis of peripheral blood and bronchial biopsies taken from all patients at the beginning and end of the first 12 weeks of the study prior to reduction of anti-asthma therapy and will comprise of changes in:
- Lay down of collagen types I, III, IV and V and tenascin
- Vascular structures and angiogenic stimuli (collagen type IV, CD31 and human VEGF (29,30)
- Inflammatory cells (eosinophils, T cells, B cells, plasma cells, macrophages, neutrophils, mast cells)
- Goblet cells will be stained using monoclonal anti-Muc-5AC antibody
- Immunoglobulin E and its high- and low-affinity receptors will be stained using specific monoclonal antibodies as in our previous studies. B cells (CD20+) and plasma cells (CD138+) will be examined for expression of free kappa and lambda IgE light chains using double, sequential IHC.
Staining analysis: Entire areas of stained biopsy sections will be subjected to image analysis using a Zeiss Vision KS300 system allowing objective, unbiased digital image analysis using a powerful macro language .
Cytokine and chemokine concentrations in endobronchial tissue homogenates: These will be measured in homogenates of 2 biopsies by electrochemiluminescence using the SECTOR Imager 6000 and assay kits produced by Meso Scale Discovery. The MS6000 Human TH1/TH2 10-Plex Base Kit will be used to measure IFN-gamma, IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, TNF-alpha. The MS6000 Human Chemokine 9-Plex Base Kit will be used to measure Eotaxin, Eotaxin-3, IL-8, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-4, MDC, MIP-1beta, TARC.
IgE synthesis: Two biopsies from each patient will be snap frozen in RNA later for subsequent analysis of expression of switch circle transcripts and IgE mature and germline mRNA as in our previous recent publication and cloning of C-epsilon H-chain genes to look for evidence of clonal expansion of B cells caused by B cell superantigens. Two biopsies will be
\homogenised for extraction of B cells for cloning and analysis of IgE production by antigen microarray.
Serum: Stored serum samples taken at the time of bronchoscopy will be analysed for complete antigen-specific IgE repertoire using microarray, and anti-Fc-epsilon-RI activity using an in vitro basophil degranulation assay.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Guy's Hospital, London, UK
Not yet recruiting
King's College London
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:05-0400
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