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Neuropsychological Assessment of Cognitive Decline in Patients With a Definite Parkinson's Disease

2014-08-27 03:14:06 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Cognitive disorders in Parkinson's disease (PD) are not as obvious as cognitive disorders in Alzheimer disease and their diagnosis tends to be delayed. If neuropsychological assessment of cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease is well established, the thresholds of cognitive testing corresponding to a dementia are unknown. Recently, new diagnosis criteria of dementia associated with PD have been proposed by the movement disorder society. In this study two groups of patients with idiopathic PD will be separated and compared according to their Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score (upper or lower than 26). Included patients will have clinically idiopathic PD, will be over 65 years old and will present cognitive complain. Cognitive and mood disorders as well as motor symptoms will be assessed using validated scales and a neuropsychological assessment dispatched in two visits will be performed . Differences in the distribution of data from the two groups of patients will be assessed in statistically analysis with non parametric tests. The purpose of this study is to determine the most effective tests and their threshold value corresponding to a pathological cognitive decline.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Parkinson Disease Dementia

Intervention

Neuropsychological Assessment

Location

Service de Gériatrie, Hôpital de la Robertsau, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg
Strasbourg
France
67091

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Strasbourg, France

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:06-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A carbamate-derived reversible CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITOR that is selective for the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and is used for the treatment of DEMENTIA in ALZHEIMER DISEASE and PARKINSON DISEASE.

Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.

A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)

A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)

A series of tests designed to assess neuropsychological function. The battery is used to diagnose specific cerebral dysfunction and also to determine lateralization.

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