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Remote Ischemic Postconditioning in Humans

2014-07-23 21:09:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this study is to evaluate the phenomenon of remote ischemic postconditioning in humans. The minor myocardial damage associated with percutaneous revascularization procedures may be attenuated by producing controlled ischemia in the arms immediately after carrying out these procedures (remote ischemic postconditioning).

Description

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has taken on an important role in the treatment of ischemic heart disease in recent years. However, the beneficial effects of revascularization are partly shadowed by postreperfusion injury, which accounts for up to half the size of the reperfused myocardial infarct. Several drugs and procedures exist that might protect against this phenomenon. One of the most controversial of these strategies, which has shown promising results in experimental animal models, is remote ischemic postconditioning. This involves inducing ischemia at a site remote from the heart after an ischemic coronary lesion to reduce the resulting myocardial infarct size.

The myocardial damage produced by ischemia-reperfusion associated with PCI is a known short- and long-term prognostic factor, and is associated with a greater risk of death, myocardial infarction and revascularization during the follow-up.

Our aim is to assess the phenomenon of remote ischemic postconditioning in patients undergoing PCI, in whom the acute insult on the myocardium is determined by the angioplasty itself. Additionally, we aim to evaluate this phenomenon in a subgroup of diabetic patients, among whom the effectiveness of protective measures against postreperfusion damage is more questioned.

We have designed a randomized, single-blinded interventional study involving 320 patients (40% diabetics) who are to undergo elective PCI. At the end of the angioplasty procedure, the patients assigned to remote ischemic postconditioning will undergo three 5-minute cycles of ischemia using a blood-pressure cuff at 200 mmHg, placed on the non-dominant arm, interrupted twice for 5 minutes with the cuff deflated. In the control group the procedure will be limited to placing a deflated blood-pressure cuff (pressure: 0 mmHg) for 25 minutes.

The infarct size will be analyzed from an enzyme curve of troponin I and CK-MB values 0, 8, 16 and 24 hours after the procedure (primary endpoint). Measurements will also be taken of pH and lactate in the baseline sample (0 hours) and at 8 hours, and ultrasensitive C-reactive protein at 0 and 24 hours as a contrasted marker of inflammation in ischemic heart disease.

The follow-up, planned for one year, will seek to determine clinically interesting variables (secondary endpoint), such as readmission due to acute coronary syndrome, heart failure or major arrhythmic events and overall and cardiovascular mortality.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)

Conditions

Myocardial Reperfusion Injury

Intervention

Remote ischemic postconditioning, Control group

Location

Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Victoria
Málaga
Spain
29010

Status

Recruiting

Source

Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:24-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.

Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.

Damage to the MYOCARDIUM resulting from MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION (restoration of blood flow to ischemic areas of the HEART.) Reperfusion takes place when there is spontaneous thrombolysis, THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY, collateral flow from other coronary vascular beds, or reversal of vasospasm.

Generally, restoration of blood supply to heart tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. Reperfusion can be induced to treat ischemia. Methods include chemical dissolution of an occluding thrombus, administration of vasodilator drugs, angioplasty, catheterization, and artery bypass graft surgery. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.

Restoration of blood supply to tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. It is primarily a procedure for treating infarction or other ischemia, by enabling viable ischemic tissue to recover, thus limiting further necrosis. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing REPERFUSION INJURY.

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