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Enhanced external counter pulsation (EECP) is a procedure performed on patients with ischemic heart disease. The treatment improves physical capacity and relieves angina pectoris. It is suitable for patients with persistent angina pectoris despite and for patients not amendable for coronary revascularization. Some studies demonstrate a relationship between diastolic and systolic blood pressure ratio (d/s ratio) and the effect of EECP.
The aim of the investigators study is to understand the effect of EECP on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function assessed by trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE).
Hypothesis: EECP improves left ventricular systolic and diastolic function. There is a relationship between d/s ratio and aortic arterial stiffness EECP improves left ventricular diastolic function Standard TTE would be performed prior the EECP procedure, which lasts 60 min., and repeated every 15 minutes. Moreover the investigators would measure pulse wave velocity, a measure of aortic arterial stiffness, in order to investigate the relationship between the d/s ratio and arterial stiffness.
The patients would be recruited among former study patients who have undergone EECP before. 20 patients with the best acoustic conditions would be selected and invited to enroll into the study.
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Ischemic Heart Disease
Enhanced external counter pulsation
Enrolling by invitation
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:07-0400
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A vasodilator used in angina of effort or ischemic heart disease.
Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.
Medicines that are stocked behind the counter of a pharmacy which require the attention or counsel of a pharmacist before being dispensed or handed over to a consumer or patient.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Acute Coronary Syndromes ACS
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) is an umbrella term for situations where the blood supplied to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked. Treatment for acute coronary syndrome includes medicines and a procedure known as angioplasty, during which doctors inflat...