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Incarcerated women have a disproportionately high risk for both Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)and the prevalence of HIV and STIs are higher among women than men prisoners. More than half of the HIV/AIDS cases reported by State and Federal prisons in 2005 were in the South. The second highest regional burden for HIV among women released from correction facilities is in the South.
Working in collaboration, the staff of the North Carolina Department of Correction (NCDOC) and faculty at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing (SON), School of Medicine (SOM), Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) and the School of Social Work (SSW) will systematically adapt and test the efficacy of Project SAFE, an existing evidence-based intervention (EBI), to increase protective behaviors, reduce high-risk behaviors, and prevent STIs in HIV-negative incarcerated women in the Southern United States.
Using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for adaptation (McKleroy, Galbraith, Cummings et al. 2006), we will:
1. Assess the fit between intervention delivery and the needs and resources of the NCDOC and the fit between intervention materials and the behavioral, social, and contextual conditions of incarcerated women's lives following release from prison that may contribute to continuing sexual risk behavior and explore their ideas regarding ways to prevent STI/HIV with the intent of strengthening the approach to sexual risk reduction.
2. Adapt and tailor the Project SAFE behavioral risk reduction intervention for women prisoners in the rural Southeastern U.S. who are HIV-negative and have sex with men.
3. Pilot the adapted Project SAFE intervention.
4. Test the adapted Project SAFE risk-reduction intervention with incarcerated women to determine its efficacy in decreasing risk for non-viral STI infections (Chlamydia, trichomoniasis or gonorrhea), decreasing sexual risk behaviors and increasing risk reduction practices after release. We will also determine whether participants maintain these changes over time.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Project POWER HIV Risk-reduction Intervention, NC DOC Standard of Care for STIs
North Carolina Correctional Institution for Women
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:07-0400
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AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...