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Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Atorvastatin 40 mg in Patients With Relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis Treated With Interferon-beta-1b

2014-08-27 03:14:11 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The "SWiss Atorvastatin and Interferon-Beta 1b Trial In Multiple Sclerosis - Follow up Study" is the follow up study of the "SWiss Atorvastatin and Interferon Beta-1b Trial In Multiple Sclerosis (SWABIMS)" (see http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT00942591) SWABIMS evaluated the efficacy, safety and tolerability of atorvastatin 40 mg in addition to interferon-beta 1b compared to interferon-beta 1b monotherapy in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis for 15 month. The SWABIMS Follow up study observes patients that finish the SWABIMS study for another 12 month with ongoing unchanged medication.

Description

Background

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. Statins are lipid-lowering drugs which inhibit the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA-) reductase, which is the main regulatory enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis. In recent years many studies have demonstrated, that statins have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties in addition to their lipid-lowering effects. Therefore, statins may have therapeutic potential in immune-mediated disorders such as multiple sclerosis. Studies in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model for the human demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis, as well as smaller studies in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis showed beneficial effect on the course of the disease. But there are also reports of negative impact of statins on multiple sclerosis. Therefore, bigger studies are needed to investigate the therapeutical potential of statins in multiple sclerosis.

Objective

To assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of the combination of atorvastatin 40mg p.o. daily and interferon-beta 1b sc e.o.d compared to monotherapy with interferon-beta-1b sc e.o.d in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis for 12 month after completing the SWABIMS study.

Methods

Multi-center, rater-blinded, parallel-group, two arm, randomized study. Patients with relapsing-remitting forms of MS, respecting all inclusion/exclusion criteria, were randomized in the SWABIMS study in two equal-size parallel arms after three months of treatment with interferon-beta 1b, receiving atorvastatin 40mg/d or not in addition to interferon-beta 1b for 12 month.

After successful completion of the study, patients were asked to participate in the "SWABIMS Follow up study" for another 12 month with ongoing medication.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention

Interferon beta-1b group, Interferon beta-1b/Atorvastatin group

Location

Department of Neurology, Bern University Hospital, and University of Bern
Bern
Switzerland
3007

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University Hospital Inselspital, Berne

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:11-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).

An interferon beta-1 subtype that has a methionine at position 1, a cysteine at position 17, and is glycosylated at position 80. It functions as an ANTI-VIRAL AGENT and IMMUNOMODULATOR and is used to manage the symptoms of RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

A ubiquitously expressed heterodimeric receptor that is specific for both INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It is composed of two subunits referred to as IFNAR1 and IFNAR2. The IFNAR2 subunit is believed to serve as the ligand-binding chain; however both chains are required for signal transduction. The interferon alpha-beta receptor signals through the action of JANUS KINASES such as the TYK2 KINASE.

An interferon regulatory factor that binds upstream TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATORY ELEMENTS in the GENES for INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It functions as a transcriptional activator for the INTERFERON TYPE I genes.

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