Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Total knee replacement is a frequent procedure in Québec's hospitals and the muscular strength of the quadriceps is the best indicator of the patient's functional recovery post surgery. Thus, the importance of the patient's recovery leads to the evaluation of the influence of the femoral nerve block on the muscle strength.
The purpose of the study is to compare the short term and long term recuperation of the quadriceps' motor strength of after a total knee arthroplasty using different types of analgesics such as the continuous femoral nerve block, the single dose femoral nerve block and the systemic analgesic, a patient controlled analgesic pump.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Total Knee Arthroplasty
48-hour ropivacaine infusions, Single dose ropivacaine, Patient controlled analgesics
Hopital de l'Enfant-Jesus
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:09:25-0400
Comparative study of Ropivacaine and Ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine in transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for post-operative analgesia in patients undergoing Caesarean Section.
To compare continuous infusions to bolus infusions and there affect on post-surgical pain.
To compare the postoperative analgesic effect and the intensity of motor block in different concentration ropivacaine plus fentanyl when used epidurally with a patient-controlled analgesia...
This prospective randomized study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of epidural injection of ropivacaine on the relief of pain in patients undergoing laminectomy. Total 60 patients will ...
This study is a comparison of the analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks with ropivacaine bolus plus continuous ropivacaine infusion via catheters versus single sho...
Ropivacaine, a long-acting amide local anesthetic agent, has been demonstrated to inhibit glutamatergic transmission. Glutamate neurotoxicity plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of brain disorder...
The volume-duration relationship using low concentrations of ropivacaine for peripheral nerve blocks is unknown, even though low concentrations of ropivacaine are increasingly used clinically. We inve...
The direct anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of local anesthetics have been well documented in various cancers. However, whether local anesthetics affect cancer metastasis and their underly...
In this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study, the authors compared the analgesic efficacy of the single-shot adductor canal block (SS-ACB) vs the continuous adductor canal block (C-ACB) w...
We recently showed that the novel combination of a superficial cervical plexus block, a suprascapular nerve block, and the lateral sagittal infraclavicular brachial plexus block (LSIB) provides an alt...
The use of multiple drugs administered to the same patient, most commonly seen in elderly patients. It includes also the administration of excessive medication. Since in the United States most drugs are dispensed as single-agent formulations, polypharmacy, though using many drugs administered to the same patient, must be differentiated from DRUG COMBINATIONS, single preparations containing two or more drugs as a fixed dose, and from DRUG THERAPY, COMBINATION, two or more drugs administered separately for a combined effect. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Radiotherapy where there is improved dose homogeneity within the tumor and reduced dosage to uninvolved structures. The precise shaping of dose distribution is achieved via the use of computer-controlled multileaf collimators.
Drug formulations or delivery systems intended to discourage the abuse of CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES. These may include physical barriers to prevent chewing or crushing the drug; chemical barriers that prevent extraction of psychoactive ingredients; agonist-antagonist combinations to reduce euphoria associated with abuse; aversion, where controlled substances are combined with others that will produce an unpleasant effect if the patient manipulates the dosage form or exceeds the recommended dose; delivery systems that are resistant to abuse such as implants; or combinations of these methods.
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...