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Peritoneal fibrosis is one of the major causes of technical failure in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) for long period of time. Although the exact mechanisms of peritoneal damage during PD still remain unclear, generation of reactive oxygen species may be responsible for progressive membrane dysfunction. N-acetylcysteine (NAC)is a powerful antioxidant shown to protect peritoneal fibrosis in peritoneal dialysis animal model. In this study the researchers investigated the hypothesis that NAC protect peritoneal membrane damage.
N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) is known to be relatively safe and beneficial in peritoneal dialysis patient at a dose of 1200 mg per day. Patients will be randomly assigned to NAC and control group and prescribed according to the protocol. At 2 and 6 month, Peritoneal equilibrium test (PET) will be performed with blood sampling.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
End-Stage Kidney Disease
Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital
Korea, Republic of
Ewha Womans University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:11-0400
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The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
KIDNEY injuries associated with diabetes mellitus and affecting KIDNEY GLOMERULUS; ARTERIOLES; KIDNEY TUBULES; and the interstitium. Clinical signs include persistent PROTEINURIA, from microalbuminuria progressing to ALBUMINURIA of greater than 300 mg/24 h, leading to reduced GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE.
Final stage of a liver disease when the liver failure is irreversible and LIVER TRANSPLANTATION is needed.
A chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly IMMUNOGLOBULIN A in the mesangial area (GLOMERULAR MESANGIUM). Deposits of COMPLEMENT C3 and IMMUNOGLOBULIN G are also often found. Clinical features may progress from asymptomatic HEMATURIA to END-STAGE KIDNEY DISEASE.
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