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The aim of this study is to assess the profile of cytokines IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 and TNF-alpha under inhalation anesthesia with isoflurane and intravenous anesthesia with propofol in healthy patients subjected to minimally invasive elective surgeries.
Twenty ASA-I patients, subjected to otorhinolaryngology surgery, were randomly allocated in one group to receive anesthesia with isoflurane 1 MAC (minimum alveolar concentration) (n = 20). Other group with twenty ASA-I patients received propofol 2 to 4 microgram mL-1 (n = 20).
Fentanyl 5 mg kg-1 and rocuronium bromide 0.6 mg kg-1 were also administered to all patients. Venous blood (10 mL) was collected from each patient at each of the following times: before the beginning of surgery and anesthesia (T1), 2 h after the beginning of surgery (T2), and on the day after the anesthetic-surgical procedure (T3).
Plasma concentrations of interleukins IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-12 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) were measured in each sample through flow cytometry technique by using the method Cytometric Bead Array (CBA). Venous blood samples from fifteen volunteers not subjected to stress were also collected as control, and the same cytokines were measured.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Patients in Good Health
Propofol and isoflurane
Botucatu Medical School, UNESP
UPECLIN HC FM Botucatu Unesp
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:11-0400
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Guideline for determining when it is morally permissible to perform an action to pursue a good end with knowledge that the action will also bring about bad results. It generally states that, in cases where a contemplated action has such double effect, the action is permissible only if: it is not wrong in itself; the bad result is not intended; the good result is not a direct causal result of the bad result; and the good result is "proportionate to" the bad result. (from Solomon, "Double Effect," in Becker, The Encyclopedia of Ethics, 1992)
A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.
Health care services that are respectful of and responsive to the health beliefs, practices and cultural and linguistic needs of diverse patients. The provider and the patient each bring their individual learned patterns of language and culture to the health care experience which must be transcended to achieve equal access and quality health care.
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An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...