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Repeat Dose Nasal Allergen Challenge

2014-07-24 14:05:57 | BioPortfolio

Summary

What happens in the nose during an allergic reaction? Are there changes that a new drug could treat? What is the best way to test new drugs?The response of the nose to being exposed to cat allergen in someone who is allergic to cats. Symptoms, level of nasal blockage and cell and chemical changes that occur in the nose will be studied before and after being exposed to cat allergen. The investigators will also to see if giving repeated doses of allergen increases the response.Allergic rhinitis is a very common illness. There are over 500 million patients worldwide. It can increase the severity of associated asthma. Currently available drugs do not completely treat the symptoms. New treatments need to be found. A way of testing these drugs is very important. This study will investigate causes of the symptoms that occur in allergic rhinitis. It will also validate a proposed model to test new drugs. the Study Hypothesis is that a model of nasal allergen challenge shows an increased response (priming) with repeat challenges as determined by changes in nasal peak inspiratory flow.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Allergic Rhinitis

Intervention

Allergen, Placebo challenge

Location

St Joseph's Healthcare
Hamitlon
Ontario
Canada
L8N 4A6

Status

Recruiting

Source

McMaster University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:05:57-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Allergic rhinitis that occurs at the same time every year. It is characterized by acute CONJUNCTIVITIS with lacrimation and ITCHING, and regarded as an allergic condition triggered by specific ALLERGENS.

A group of symptoms that are two- to three-fold more common in those who work in large, energy-efficient buildings, associated with an increased frequency of headaches, lethargy, and dry skin. Clinical manifestations include hypersensitivity pneumonitis (ALVEOLITIS, EXTRINSIC ALLERGIC); allergic rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL); ASTHMA; infections, skin eruptions, and mucous membrane irritation syndromes. Current usage tends to be less restrictive with regard to the type of building and delineation of complaints. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)

A form of non-allergic rhinitis that is characterized by nasal congestion and posterior pharyngeal drainage.

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Antigens from the house dust mites (DERMATOPHAGOIDES), mainly D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus. They are proteins, found in mite feces or mite extracts, that can cause ASTHMA and other allergic diseases such as perennial rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL) and atopic dermatitis (DERMATITIS, ATOPIC). More than 11 groups of Dermatophagoides ALLERGENS have been defined. Group I allergens, such as Der f I and Der p I from the above two species, are among the strongest mite immunogens in humans.

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