Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The goal of this project is to compare visceral fat measurements derived from Lunar iDXA total body scans and from Computed Tomography (CT) scans of the abdominal region for a Chinese population.
Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges of the 21st century. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates for 2005 indicate approximately 1.6 billion adults are overweight (body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m2), with 400 million being characterized as obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2). By 2015, the WHO projections predict that the populations of overweight and obese adults will increase to 2.3 billion and 700 million respectively. The major determinant of obesity is the energy imbalance between calorie intakes and expenditures, which can be ascribed to a global dietary shift in favor of energy-dense foods particularly rich in fat and carbohydrates, and a global trend towards sedentary behaviors.
Body fat distribution and abdominal fat in particular is correlated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cancer, and total mortality. It is therefore important to develop minimally invasive clinical tools to assess visceral fat. Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) represent the gold standards for the quantification of visceral and abdominal fat. However, the analytical cost and the limited availability of these instruments for large-scale screenings have encouraged the development of alternative methods based on cost effective and widely distributed technologies. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a promising technology to fill this gap. DXA is being used increasingly as a rapid, precise, and accurate method for measurement of regional and total body composition in both clinical and research settings. Total body assessment using DXA provides a unique capability of non-invasive measurement of skeletal bone status, as well as lean and fat tissue components including percent fat, lean tissue mass, and the android (waist)/gynoid (hip) fat ratio. The DXA technology is well suited to large-scale screening for assessing body composition and fat distribution as a part of a global assessment of metabolic status.
A recent study of a cross-sectional sample of 5440 US adults participating in the NHANES surveys 1999-2004 showed that 29.2% of obese men and 35.4% of obese women (a total of approximately 19.5 million US adults) are metabolically healthy, (sometimes referred to as "uncomplicated" obesity), whereas 30.1% of normal-weight men and 21.1% of normal-weight women (a total of approximately 16.3 million US adults) exhibit clustering of two or more cardiometabolic abnormalities. This study concluded that additional research is required to understand the physiological mechanisms underlying these differences. Another recent study of more than 3000 participants drawn from the Framingham Heart Study showed that both subcutaneous fat and visceral fat were correlated with metabolic risk factors. However, only the effects of visceral fat remain significant after adjusting for common anthropometric indices such as waist circumference and BMI. The issues surrounding cardiometabolic risk among different phenotypes along with the increased risks associated with visceral fat suggests the need to measure visceral adipose tissue in a diverse population.The gold standard, CT, is not a practical solution due to the cost and radiation exposure associated with the measurement. Therefore, it is important to develop a low-cost, low-radiation screening method for measuring visceral adipose tissue.
The present study aims at measuring abdominal fat distribution (CT scan and Lunar iDXA) in 120 adults. These data provide the possibility to validate a new method for measuring abdominal fat distribution (visceral versus subcutaneous fat) against the gold standard, CT. If validated, such a protocol based on Lunar iDXA could offer a rapid and cost effective diagnostic tool for fat distribution assessment of individuals as a basis for future personalized and health care programs.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Visceral fat mass measurement
Fudan University Zhongshan Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:12-0400
This study aims to investigate the effect of supplement containing L-arabinose and indigestible dextrin on body mass index, body fat mass, abdominal circumference, visceral fat mass, and s...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of supplement combined various probiotics and fermentation products on body mass index, body fat mass, abdominal circumference, viscera...
In this project, the investigators will test the hypothesis that predominant (two to three times a week 60 min) strength training is more effective in reducing visceral fat mass than endur...
The purpose of this study is to test the potential ability of vinegar to significantly decrease visceral fat in healthy adults with "central obesity". During the 8-week trial, participants...
The purpose of this trial is to examine whether adding greater physical activity to standard family-based behavioral pediatric obesity treatment decreases the amount of visceral fat among ...
The aim of this study was to examine the prospective association between visceral obesity and the incidence and recurrence of colorectal adenoma.
Obesity is increasing in developed countries and is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer (PaC). We previously reported that obesity was associated with pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs), which are both ...
Following menopause fat mass (FM) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) increase, while non-bone lean mass (LBM) decreases. Whether menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) reverses these changes remains controve...
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonosis of great importance. Limitations in current VL control measures compromise efficacy, indicating the need to implement new strategies. The aim of this study wa...
Obesity, particularly abdominal obesity, might be related to decreased lung function. We aimed to investigate whether obesity indices are associated with forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) ...
Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...