Multimodal Physician Intervention to Detect Amblyopia

2014-08-27 03:14:13 | BioPortfolio


Current research shows low rates of quantitative vision screening at preschool ages in the medical home. This study targets providers (PCPs) to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based intervention to improve knowledge about strabismus, amblyopia and preschool vision screening, to increase preschool vision screening rates, and to improve rates of diagnosis of strabismus and amblyopia by eye specialists.


Despite decades of research showing adverse neural consequences of abnormal vision, little has changed for amblyopic children. Over the past 40 years, data have shown that most children with amblyopia are detected late. In our health care system, primary care physicians play a pivotal role in translating findings about amblyopia into practice. But, our experience with the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) / NEI expert panel on Vision Screening in the Preschool Child and the MCHB/ American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Project Universal Preschool Vision Screening revealed that primary care physicians get very little training about amblyopia and risk factors. Consequently, many do not screen aggressively for these conditions.

The University of Alabama Departments of Optometry, Pediatrics and Continuing Medical Education, in collaboration Medicaid Agencies in Alabama, South Carolina and Illinois, have developed a novel, internet-based, multi-modal strategy to increase the understanding and recognition of amblyopia and its risk factors by pediatricians and primary care physicians in office based settings. We have designed a cluster-randomized, controlled clinical trial to test whether our intervention results in improved performance by "intervention" physicians compared to control physicians (exposed to a web-based intervention for pediatric blood pressure screening and adolescent chlamydia screening). Our design, along with pre / post-intervention and control / intervention performance measures, will evaluate changes in practice attributable to the intervention versus those occurring from other sources over time. Our final analysis will show whether preschool patients of intervention physicians are more likely to be identified with strabismus or amblyopia. This research forges a critical link between the truly phenomenal body of amblyopia research fostered by the NEI and the health care offered to American children.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject)




Pediatric blood pressure screening, Pediatric vision screening


University of Alabama at Birmingham
United States




University of Alabama at Birmingham

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:13-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.

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Application of tests and examinations to identify visual defects or vision disorders occurring in specific populations, as in school children, the elderly, etc. It is differentiated from VISION TESTS, which are given to evaluate/measure individual visual performance not related to a specific population.

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