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Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a virus that can cause respiratory illness. In older adults, those with asthma, infants, and children, illness can be severe, but in healthy adults the virus frequently causes no symptoms. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) is working to develop a vaccine for HMPV that could be given to infants. Before potential vaccines can be tested, information about how HMPV affects healthy adults is needed. This study will examine the effects of exposure to HMPV in healthy adults.
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV), a virus that causes respiratory illness, was first discovered in 2001, although humans have been infected with it for at least 50 years. HMPV may cause upper respiratory illness or no symptoms at all in healthy adults, but older adults, adults with asthma, and children may be at risk of more serious illness. HMPV is a leading cause of viral lower respiratory infection (LRI) in children, so finding a vaccine for this virus could substantially reduce the instances of childhood respiratory illnesses.
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) is developing a vaccine for HMPV for use in infants, but before starting clinical trials with potential HMPV vaccines, researchers need to study how wild HMPV affects healthy adults. This study will expose healthy adults to a dose of the HMPV virus to assess its ability to infect, cause disease, and create an immune system response.
Participation in this study will last approximately 6 months. Participants will be admitted to an inpatient unit, where they will stay for 10 full days. On their second day in the unit, participants will receive a single dose of the virus, delivered via nose drops. Twice each day while participants are inpatients, they will undergo physical exams and have their vital signs recorded. Nasal washes and blood samples will be collected before participants receive the virus, and then daily nasal washes will be collected until they are discharged from the inpatient unit. Participants will be discharged from the unit on the 9th day after receiving virus if their nasal wash from Day 8 was free of virus. Follow-up visits will occur 28, 120, and 180 days after participants receive the virus. During follow-up visits nasal washes and blood samples will be collected.
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
HMPV challenge virus
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Active, not recruiting
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:13-0400
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A genus of the subfamily PNEUMOVIRINAE, containing two members: Turkey rhinotracheitis virus and a human Metapneumovirus. Virions lack HEMAGGLUTININ and NEURAMINIDASE.
An acute inflammatory disease of the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT, caused by paramyxoviruses, occurring primarily in infants and young children; the viruses most commonly implicated are PARAINFLUENZA VIRUS TYPE 3; RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS, HUMAN; and METAPNEUMOVIRUS.
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2, closely related to the human HTLV-1 virus. The clinical, hematological, and histopathological characteristics of the disease in STLV-infected monkeys are very similar to those of human adult T-cell leukemia. Subgroups include the African green monkey subtype (STLV-I-AGM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 95% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1, and the Asian rhesus macaque subtype (STLV-I-MM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 90% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of mostly mammals. Human betacoronaviruses include HUMAN ENTERIC CORONAVIRUS; HUMAN CORONAVIRUS OC43; MERS VIRUS; and SARS VIRUS. Members have either core transcription regulatory sequences of 5’-CUAAAC-3’ or 5’-CUAAAC-3’ and mostly have no ORF downstream to the N protein gene.
Proteins encoded by the NEF GENES of the HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.
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