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The purpose of this study is to reduce the HIV/HCV incidence among the clients attending community-based methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) , and to prevent the secondary sexual transmission from HIV+ clients to their spouse and sex partners, through intensified comprehensive intervention.
Even though National sentinel surveillance data show that the increase rate of HIV new infections among IDUs in China has become stabilized and slowed down, the new HIV infection is still on the rise, especially in the Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Xinjiang and Sichuan. This study attempts to further reduce the new infection among MMT clients, and particularly to prevent the transmission from HIV infected clients to their sexual partners with comprehensive intervention.
The purposes of this study are:
1. To evaluate the effectiveness of comprehensive interventions to decrease the HIV/STIs incidence among MMT clients.
2. To prevent the sexual transmission between those HIV+ clients and their spouse/partners with intensified intervention.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, China CDC
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:26-0400
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A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.
A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...