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The Serotonin Transporter in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

2014-08-27 03:14:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of the present proposal is to prove that adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients show lower serotonin transporter (5-HTT) binding using positron emission tomography (PET) and the selective radioligand [11C]DASB. Specifically, the 5-HTT binding will be quantified in 20 adult medication-free ADHD patients (50% females) and in 20 age- and sexmatched healthy controls. Investigating untreated adult ADHD patients without any psychiatric comorbidities will provide the opportunity to estimate the change of serotonin transporter binding in adult ADHD patients compared to a group of healthy controls. Several lines of evidence support the hypothesis that serotonergic neurotransmission may, in addition to dopamine, play an important role in the aetiology of ADHD. So far, no PET study investigating serotonergic neurotransmission in adult ADHD patients has been conducted, although alterations in the serotonin system may be substantially involved in the susceptibility and subtype characterization of ADHD.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Location

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna
Vienna
Austria
A-1090

Status

Recruiting

Source

Medical University of Vienna

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:26-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-IV)

A propylamine derivative and selective ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITOR that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A methylphenidate derivative, DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A dextroamphetamine drug precursor that also functions as a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT and DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

The d-form of AMPHETAMINE. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a sympathomimetic. It has also been used in the treatment of narcolepsy and of attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity in children. Dextroamphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulating release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. It is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic.

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