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Low-dose Rituximab and High-dose Dexamethasone as First Line Treatment for ITP

2014-08-27 03:14:27 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the response rate and response duration with the combination of low-dose rituximab and high-dose dexamethasone in the treatment of adult immune thrombocytopenic purpura.

Description

ITP is an autoimmune disorder characterized by formation of autoantibodies against platelet antigens leading platelet destruction and bleeding. Corticosteroids increase the platelet count in about 80 percent of patients.However, many patients have a relapse when the dose of corticosteroid is reduced. Debilitating side effects are common in patients who require long-term corticosteroid therapy to maintain the platelet count. Rituximab, a chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, has been shown to be effectively raise the platelet count in some patients with ITP and there is clinical and biological evidence to suggest that, if given early, rituximab may prevent ITP relapses. Rituximab 375 mg/m2 weekly for four weeks has significant activity in patients with immune thrombocytopenia. Furthermore, using lower dose rituximab the level of B-cell depletion and the response rates appear similar to those previously observed with standard dosages in a population of ITP.

The purpose of this study is to determine the response rate and response duration with the combination of low-dose rituximab (100mg IV days 1,8, 15 and 22) and high-dose dexamethasone (40mg PO days 1,2,3,4) in untreated adult patients immune thrombocytopenic purpura.

A complete platelet response is defined as an increase in platelet counts to >150×109/L on two consecutive occasions. A partial response is defined as an increase in the platelet count to between 50 and 150×109/L on two consecutive occasions, 1 week apart. Duration of response is considered from the day of the initial infusion to the first time of relapse (platelet count <30×109/L)or to time of analysis.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Intervention

Rituximab and dexamethasone

Location

Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E Gonzalez UANL
Monterrey
Nuevo Leon
Mexico
64460

Status

Recruiting

Source

Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:14:27-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A systemic non-thrombocytopenic purpura caused by HYPERSENSITIVITY VASCULITIS and deposition of IGA-containing IMMUNE COMPLEXES within the blood vessels throughout the body, including those in the kidney (KIDNEY GLOMERULUS). Clinical symptoms include URTICARIA; ERYTHEMA; ARTHRITIS; GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE; and renal involvement. Most cases are seen in children after acute upper respiratory infections.

Any form of purpura in which the PLATELET COUNT is decreased. Many forms are thought to be caused by immunological mechanisms.

Thrombocytopenia occurring in the absence of toxic exposure or a disease associated with decreased platelets. It is mediated by immune mechanisms, in most cases IMMUNOGLOBULIN G autoantibodies which attach to platelets and subsequently undergo destruction by macrophages. The disease is seen in acute (affecting children) and chronic (adult) forms.

An ADAMTS protease that contains eight thrombospondin (TS) motifs. It cleaves VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR to control vWF-mediated THROMBOSIS. Mutations in the ADAMTS13 gene have been identified in familial cases of PURPURA, THROMBOTIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC and defects in ADAMTS13 activity are associated with MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; PRE-ECLAMPSIA; and MALARIA.

An acquired, congenital, or familial disorder caused by PLATELET AGGREGATION with THROMBOSIS in terminal arterioles and capillaries. Clinical features include THROMBOCYTOPENIA; HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA; AZOTEMIA; FEVER; and thrombotic microangiopathy. The classical form also includes neurological symptoms and end-organ damage, such as RENAL FAILURE.

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